Meiosis and Mitosis Review

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ajoneswash
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181256
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Meiosis and Mitosis Review
Updated:
2012-11-02 07:01:42
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9th grade biology meiosis mitosis cell division jock test review
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Test review for 9th grade biology- Chapters 10 and 11.
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  1. The chrosomome of a bacterium has a ______ shape.
    Circular
  2. The region of a chromosome where two sister chromatids are held together is called _______.
    Centromere
  3. What is the correct sequence of the cell cycle?



    • G1
    • S
    • G2
    • Mitosis
    • Cytokinesis
  4. The synthesis (S) phase is characterized by  ______.

    DNA replication
  5. The first three phases of the cell cycle are collectively known as _____.
    Interphase
  6. Mitosis is the process by which____.

    The nucleus is divided into two nuclei.
  7. A spindle fiber is a specialized form of _____.
    microtuble
  8. The phase of mitosis that is characterized by the arrangement of all chromosomes along the equator of the cell is called ______.
    METAPHASE

  9. Which of the following is NOT a type of asexual reproduction?

    A. budding                    B.  fragmentation
    C. binary fission            D.  fertilziation
    D- fertilization
  10. The X and Y chromosomes are called?
    Sex chromosomes
  11. How many chromosomes are in the body of an organism that has a haploid number of 8?
    16
  12. The simplest and most primitive method of reproduction is ____?
    asexual reproduction
  13. The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells is called_____.

    A.  cell division                   B.  mitosis
    C.  asexual reproduction     D.  meiosis
    A-cell division
  14. What are the four phases of mitosis?
    prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase
  15. The first and longest phase is ______.
    prophase
  16. During ______ phase the chromosomes condense and become visible.
    prophase
  17. The M-phase includes ________ and _______
    mitosis and cytokinesis
  18. Interphase is divided into three phases:  _____, _____, and _____.
    G1, S, and G2
  19. The division of the cell nucleus during the M-phase of the cell cycle is called ______.
    mitosis
  20. In the _____ phase, the chromosomes move until they form two groups near the poles of the spindle.

    Anaphase
  21. In the _____ phase the chromosomes become visible the centrioles take up positions on opposite sides of the nucleus.

    Telophase
  22. In the _____ phase the chromosomes line up across the center of the cell. 

    Metaphase
  23. In the _______ phase a nuclear envelope re-forms around each cluster of chromosomes.  The nucleolus becomes visible in each daughter nucleus.


    prophase
  24. What is cancer?
    A disorder in which some of the body's own cells lose the ability to control growth.
  25. The division of the cell's cytoplasm?
    cytokinesis
  26. The final phase of mitosis is ______?
    telophase
  27. The phase of mitosis in which microtubules connect the centromere of each chromosome to the poles of the spindle is _______.
    metaphase
  28. At the beginning of cell division, each chromosome consists of two sister ______.
    chromatids
  29. The longest phase of mitosis is ________.
    prophase
  30. The phase of mitosis that ends when the chromosomes stop moving is ______.
    anaphase
  31. The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells is called _____ ______.
    cell division
  32. A tiny structure located in the cytoplasm near the nuclear envelope is a (an) _______.
    centrioles
  33. A disorder in which some of the body's cells lose the ability to control cell growth is called ______.
    cancer
  34. The area where a pair of chromatids is attached is the ___________.
    centromere
  35. The division of the cell nucleus is called ___________.
    mitosis
  36. A protein that regulates the timing of the cell cycle in eukaryotic cells is ________.
    cyclins
  37. The series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide is known as the _______ _______.
    cell cycle
  38. A fanlike microtubule structure that helps separate the chromosomes is a (an)______.
    spindle
  39. The time period between cell divisions is called______.
    interphase

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