ch.10 psych

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ch.10 psych
2012-11-02 01:46:14

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  1. motivation
    the force that moves people to behave, think, and feel the way they do. it is energized, directed and sustained
  2. instinct
    an innate (unlearned), biological pattern of behavior that is assumed to be universal throughout a species
  3. drive
    an aroused state that occurs because of a physiological need; internal state that arises in repsone to an organisms physicla needs
  4. drive reduction theory
    developed by Clark Hull; explains that as a drive becomes stronger, we are motivated to reduce it; obtain homeostasis
  5. homeostasis
    body's tendency to maintain an equilibrium, or steady state
  6. set point
    the weight maintained when no effort is made to gain or lose weight; normal fat cells 30-40, obese 80-120 billion
  7. anorexia nervosa
    eating disorder that involves the relentless pursuit of thinness through starvation; weighs less than 85% of expected weight
  8. bulimia nervosa
    an individual consistantely follows a binge-and-purge eating pattern
  9. maslow's hierachry of needs
    • human needs must be satified in the following sequence:
    • physiological needs
    • saftey
    • love and belongingness
    • eestem
    • self-actualization
  10. goal setting
    setting goals, planning for their implementation and monitoring progress; set goals that are specific/challenging
  11. emotions
    feeling or affect, that can involve physiological arousal, such as fast heartbeat, conscious experience( thinking about being in love) and behavioral (smile)
  12. which side of brain handles emotion
    right side
  13. james-lange theory (physiological aspects of emotion)
    emotion results from physiological states triggered by stimuli in the enviroment; emotions occur after physicolocial reactions
  14. cannon-bard theory (physiological aspects of emotion)
    proposistion that emotion and physological reactions occur simultaneously; body plays less of a role
  15. six basic emotion
    • happiness
    • anger
    • sadness
    • suprise
    • disgust
    • fear
  16. display rules
    sociocultural standards that determine when, where and how emotions should be expressed
  17. hardest emotion to control?
  18. emotional intelligence
    • one's ability to motivate self
    • to persist in face of frustration
    • control impulses
    • delay gratification
    • regulate one's mood
    • control emotions
  19. intrinsic motivation
    based on internal factors such as organisimic needs (autonomy, comptence, relatedness) as well as curosity, challenge and effort
  20. extrinisc motivation
    external incentives such as rewards/punishments; motivated for payoff
  21. resilience
    a person's ability to recover from or adapt to difficult times