Crim Exam 2

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mandamari3
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181287
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Crim Exam 2
Updated:
2012-11-07 12:59:07
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Criminal Process Exam
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Crim Pro. Exam 2
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  1. situational offender
    • first time offender but for a very serious crime
    • 1. face problem/conflict
    • 2.take action -> crime
    • 3. caught/tried/convicted
    • 4. law abiding up to this point
    • no street connections, not in gangs
  2. career criminal
    • someone who defines themselves as a criminal
    • will not stop or change
    • ie. Gangster or Mobsters
  3. sex offender categories
    • Rapist:violent agressive inmate/predator
    • target for violence by other inmates
    • Child Molester: most despised, will be targeted
    • administration must protect them
  4. mentally handicapped offenders
    • IQ levels w/ 70 or below impacts social ability
    • they tend to be targets/scapegoats w/in the system
    • most crimes tend to be property crimes
  5. AIDS in among prisoners
    • prevention: education, IV drug use, safer sex
    • will test if an inmate if request most states don't test because of the price
    • High rates- 1. FL 2.NY 3.TX
  6. Elderly offenders
    • 55+ years of age
    • 4-5x the cost for health care
    • diseases (alheimers)
    • typically serve life terms "wheelchair brigades"
  7. forgotten offenders
    • women prisoners 120,000
    • ounished differently
  8. elizabeth frye
    • quaker w ho visited london newgate prison
    • saw women abused & half dressed said there needed to be
    • "women guarding women"
  9. chivalry factor
    • prison matrons
    • yes & no
    • when the crimes¬† deals w/ morality w/ prostitution/drugs chilvary goes away
  10. Massachusetts reformatory
    • women reformatory for young minor offenders
    • typically for white offenders
    • trained for domestic skills & femininity
    • allowed children?
  11. Inmate mothers
    • 1.7 million kids w/ incarc. parents
    • women present (pregnant)
    • most babies given up after 1-3 weeks to relative or foster home
  12. psuedo families
    • support network
    • strong emotions -no taboo on same sex relations -less violence not a big emphasis on race
  13. co-corrections
    • men & women in the same facility 7% of prisons
    • not research for after prison
    • aftercare
  14. security threat groups
    • prison gangs
    • important for protection
    • membership from prior association
    • highly organized
  15. Mexican Mafia
    • mexican american from urban los angeles La "EME"
    • formed in 1950 at duel vocational center (juveniles)
    • Char: Ethnic Solidarity, Drug trafficking
    • known for extreme violence
    • tattoos: eme,mm,single handprint
  16. La Nuestra Familia
    • Mexican American rural Northern California
    • orig. in soledad prison in 1960s
    • char: street & prison components,deep hatred, btwn MM & NF blood in blood out
    • membership extends beyond prison
    • Tattoos large NF, Sombrero & dagger, 14,norte, eagle
  17. Black Guerilla Family
    • Black Americans
    • Founded in San Quentin Prison by George Jackson (former black panther)
    • Char: political gang, overthrow of U.S. gov., preserve dignity fight racis
    • ID's: anti-gov mentality tattoos, crossed sabers & shotgun,black dragon
  18. Arayan Brotherhood
    • White & "christian org"
    • founded in San Quentin Prison in 1967
    • Char: white suprecists/neo natzi ideology, membershi 4 life, extreme violence
    • splinter group not all recog. by CA & Federal
    • ID's:AB, Swatstikas, shamrock,ss doublle,lightning bolts,
  19. Nazi Low riders
    • White some hispanics
    • org in the late 1970s by AB member john stinson who recruited youth from preston youth corr. fac.
    • purposed to act as middleman and muscle for the AB
    • Id's: no standard but one of nazi or nla imagery
  20. Texas Syndicate
    • Mexican American
    • formed in Falsom Prison Ca in 1970s
    • to protect texas imates from being victimized by calif. bases gangs MM & AB
    • Char: recruit members from Cuba, Columbia & Mexico
    • ID: TS
  21. Bus Therapy
    • should be avoided
    • take gang leaders and ship them to other prisons
    • results in starting their gang in different prisons
  22. social climate in prison
  23. shank
    weapon used on inmate on inmate violence
  24. estimation of innmates sexually assualted
    • 10% survey
    • Prison Rape elimination act 2003
  25. Farmer v. Brenner
    • 1999
    • male transgender placed in male prison & was assualted
    • civil right violation of 8th ammendment
    • won
    • protection of transgenders in male facilities
  26. Protective Coupling
    place an at risk roomate under protection of a well respected strong inmate
  27. official violence
    • enforcing rules
    • stopping escape
    • fights
  28. Unofficial Violence
    • unauthorized or excessive force
    • James Marquet- tx least severity doctrine
  29. tune up
  30. tap dance
    where prison guards take turn "dancing" on an inmates face
  31. environmrnental conditions
    • one reason why prison riots occur
    • food
    • medical care
    • treatment from staff
  32. spontaneity model
    • nothing planned
    • riots just happened sudden outbreak
    • maybe someone get hit
  33. conflict model
    • another reason riots happen
    • power difference/control
    • usually between staff & inmated
  34. Attica Prison Riot
    • Sept 9-13 1971 (4 days)
    • poor conditions, movement rights, change in religion & race conflict
    • 3hours unlocked cells
    • negotiation team 218 point list
  35. New Mexico State prison Riot
    • FEB 2ND 1980
    • CONDITION
    • overcrowding ,snitch system
    • 36 hrs 33 inmates killed & 12 hostages
  36. penal harm
    current movement that believes that the purpose of corrections is to punish to punish offenders as severly as possible
  37. UNICOR
    the trade name used by federal prison indnustries
  38. deprivation model
    model that views the losses experienced by an inmate d uring incarceration as one of the cost of imprisonment
  39. no frills policy
    inmates will recieve the bare  minimum of food, services, and programs required by law.
  40. situational model
    model that suggest that prison culture is influenced by situations rather than remaining constant & can vary over time & place
  41. total institution
    • coing by irving goffman
    • an institution that has total control over all aspects of those confined there
  42. prisonization
    process by which inmateslearn & internalize the culture of prison
  43. butch
    dominant or male role in homosexual relationship in a prison society
  44. femme
    the submissive of female role in a homosexual relationshp in prison society
  45. grievance process
    formalized arrangement in which inmates can register thier complaints about the conditions of their confinement
  46. Innocence Projects
    projects found in a # of statesthat provides free legal assistance for those cases in which their conviction legalities are in question
  47. substansive rights
    a right such as liberty, or property, that is held to exist for its own sake and to constitute part of the legal order for society
  48. theraputic community
    • jail programs that give inmates grater authority in the operations of their living units
    • staff see the purpose as teaching inmates to control unwise behavior instill conductand improve communication skills
  49. family detention centers
    minimum security residential facilities that provide scholling for children, recreational activities, and religious service.
  50. Ruffin vs. Commonweath
    • Inmates rights
    • slave of the state doctrine
  51. 1983 actions
    • civil rights act of 1871 section 1983
    • inmates in state prison have standing in federal court/can sue
    • mistreatment,medical care, and food
  52. Cooper vs Pate
    • religion-practice of islam
    • inmates in state prison have standing in fed. court
  53. Regulations
    • local, rules
    • hands off policy for prisons
  54. habeas corpus
    used to challenge the negality of confinement conditions
  55. Prison Litagation Reform Act
    • attached a fee to complaints to sue because a lot of claims were stupid.
    • must exhaust all local remedies
    • inmates can't sue for emotional or psych. damage
  56. jailhouse lawyer
    knowledge inmate representing an inmate in the law of their case
  57. Johnson v Avery
    • tried to stop inmates from helping eachother legally
    • failed
  58. 1st ammendment
    • religion
    • communication: inmates cant write to eachother.
  59. 4th ammendment
    • searches
    • cant search in a targetable manner (harassing)
    • intrusive- need a warrant (body cavity)
  60. Eighth Ammendment
    • Health Care, solitary confinement
    • overcrowding
  61. fourteenth ammendment
    • due process
    • equal protection-easily violated due to security
  62. due deference
    defer to prison officials
  63. Fernauld school study
    • school for the" idiotic"
    • tested thing in them cruel
    • offered bribing in a way
    • assumed responsibility
  64. Vanderbilt study
    • 820 pregnant white women
    • "vitamin cocktails"
    • was really a radioactive tracer
    • deceit
  65. Dog Boys
    • TX DOC
    • used inmates to train dogs to hunt inmates that attempt to escape
    • didn't stop the dogs from attacking inmates in simulations
    • inmates sued

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