A AND P review 2
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A AND P review 2
anatomy physiology animal medicen
anatomy and physiology
At what age are the dewclaws removed?
3-5 days old
where are the sweat glands located on a dog?
skin applecrine nostrils footpads
which four chambers make up the heart?
left atrium right atrium
left ventricle right ventricle
list the four main veins for veinupuncture
femoral, cephalic, saphinvous, jugular
list the four organs that nmake up the lympathic system
lymphnodes, tonsils, spleen, thymus
what types of vessels are deepest?
what vessels have bacl flow valves and why?
veins, to stop pooling of the blood due to gravitt
the lyphnodes and glands are located in which five areas?
submandibular, pre-scapula, axillary, popliteal, inguinal
list the main organs that make up the respiratory system
nose, nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx,trachea, bronchi,lungs
purring in cats is caused by what?
vibration of the blood vessels in the chest
what is another name for the larynx?
what is the immune sytems greatesr asset in fighting infection?
white blood cells, lymphocytes
what is the medical word for windpipe?
name the three parts of the thorax
right pleural cavity, left pleural cavity, mediastinum
what is the cheif muscle for respiration
primary organ of male reproductive system?
primary organ of female reproduction ssystem
at what age do most cats come into heat?
5.5-6 months of age
what is the gestation period for cats and dogs?
cats and dogs have how many adult teeth?
cats can become pregnant at any time, why?
they are stimulous ovulators
which two systems make up the genitourinary system?
reproductive and urinary systems of both sex'es
the diaphragm seperates which two body cavitys?
abdominal and thoratic cavitys
many intact male dogs develope what dx?
prostate, testicle cancer
function of the ovarie?
ovulation and secreation of estrogen
if the nail is cut to far down you can cut the?
dogs have how many mls of circualting blood in there bodys?
70 ml cat
thin skin is found on whart areas of the dog nd cat?
perianus, inguinal, under armpits
what is the main function of the pancreas/
create insulen to regulate blood sugar and carbohydrate intake
what are the two main functions of the G.I system?
nutrient intake and solid waste elimination
what is the outside of the eat called?
list the five special sences
taste, smell, hearing, sight/vision, touch
what is another term for nostrils,
list four glands of the endocrine system
pituitary, parathyroid, thyroid, pineal, ovaries, testes, pancreas
what endocrine gland is also known as the orchestra leader?
numbe one endocrine disease in cats
3 main types of blood vessels
veins arteris and capillaries
four main functions of the muscular system?
achieve movement , support and maintain posture, produce body heat, help form many internal organs such as heart, uterus, lungs intestines.
what types of cells do muscles have?
long slender fibres, myocyte
towards the side
the capula is what type of bone
the inner ear is what type of bone
what is flehming?
flehming is when the lip is curled upand extra scent is to the jacobsons organ on the roof of the mouth which traps odor and sends scent molecule to the brain
what is arrector pili?
smooth muscles attatched to hairs on dorsum which errecr and contract when stimulated
what are bursae?
sacs of connective tissue lined with a synovial membrane and synovial fluid (think bang elbow)
which system provides vocalization?
kittens and puppies open eyes at what age?
the skin is a receptor for what four secretions
touch, pain, heat/cold and pressure
which glands secreate tears?
what are the two functions of the ear
hearing and equillibrium
what is the left side of the heart responsible for?
reoxygenating and delivering to the rest of the body
list the three main functions of the urinary system
formation, transportation/storage, elimination of urine
of which two layers are the skin composed?
list three types of connective tissue
reticular, loose, dense fibrous
excess tears due to obstruction of the lacrimal gland
how are bones of the skull united?
the nervous system is broken down into two parts
central CNS peripheral PNS
the brain has aprox how many neurons
surgical removal of the eyeball
parotid, mandibular, sublingual, zygomatic
list the four most common endocrine glands that become diseased
pancreas, thyroid gland, petuitary,ovaries, testes
names the parts that make up the G.I system
mouth oral, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum
name the 10 body systems
three parts of the small intestine
duodnum, jejunum, ileum
what are the five stages of estrus
what gland produces calcitonin
what hormone affects the circadian rythms?
pineal gland, produces melatonin
what is the function of the parathyroid gland?
regulate the calcium and phosphourous content in the blood and bones
act of swallowing
genitourinary system consists of?
reproductive and gastrointestinal systems
3 types of animal hair
primary, secondary, tactile
list four functions of sebum
slows bacterial growth,
anal glands, and sweat for cooling
5 ways heat can be lost from the body
what does the mediastinum contain?
heart thymus, esophagus, trachea, nerves, blood vessels, lymphtic vessels
what are alveoli
spongelike porous cells
lid like cartilage that closes and opens to protect lungs from inhaling food or liuquid
the linnig of the thorax is called
what is the normal heart rate for a dog and cat?and where on the body do you place your stephoscope to hear it?
60/160 80/180 under the leg on the thigh or left side of chest
what is the normal respiratioin rate for a cat and dog?
20-30 rpm feline
20-40 rpm canine
what are the three main parts of the brain?
forebrain, midbrain and hindbrain
what makes up the CNS?
brain and spinal cord
what happens during flight or fight of the fight and flight response?
release of endorphins, blood shunts to certain areas of body, digestion ceased. rectum restracts, glucose is released from musles, eyes dilate
what are the two sections of ANS?
sympthathetic and parasympathetic
whats controls the fight or flight defence?
the adrenal gland/ epinephrine
what is the bbb?
blood brain barrier, restricts entrance of certain nutritive and molecules into brain
what makes up the PNS?
Nerves and gangia located outside of brain and spinal cord including cranial and spinal and automatic nerves
what are the two main types of neurons and what do they do
sensory(afferent ) messages to brain
motor (efferent) messages from the brain
what is the purpose of CSF
protects brain and spinal cord and provides some nurtients