ID Terms First Ten

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  1. Juvenal
    •                                                               i.      Best poet of the silver age of Latin Literature.
    •                                                             ii.      Wrote five books of satires in which he ridiculed the manners and vices of his generation
    • 1.      Affectations of Roman women, abuse of slaves, excesses of emperors, immigrants, his own poverty, and the inequities of Roman society
    •                                                           iii.      Not a reformer
  2. 1.      Gregory I
    •                                                               i.      Known as Gregory the Great
    •                                                             ii.      Set the papacy and the Roman Catholic Church on a path enabling the church in the 7th and 8th centuries to play a role in civilizing the Germans
    • 1.      Assumed direction of Rome and its surrounding territories, making Rome and its surroundings into an administrative unit called the Papal States, where he provided food, government, and protection against Lombards
    •                                                           iii.      Pursued policy of extending papal authority over western Christian Church
    • 1.      Intervened in ecclesiastical conflicts throughout Italy and corresponded with Frankish rulers, urging them to reform the church in Gaul
    • 2.      Initiated the efforts of missionaries to convert England to Christianity and was active in converting the pagans of Germanic Europe through the monastic movement and St. Augustine.
  3. Charles Martel
    •                                                               i.      Served as mayor of the palace of Austrasia beginning in 714
    •                                                             ii.      Led troops that defeated the Muslims near Poitiers in 732
    •                                                           iii.      By the time of his death in 741, he had become virtual ruler of the three Merovingian kingdoms
    •                                                           iv.      His efforts put his family on the verge of creating the Carolingian dynasty
    •                                                             v.      His son was Pepin; his grandson was Charlemagne
  4. Boethius
    •                                                               i.      Christian from a patrician family who served as consul in 510.
    •                                                             ii.      When Theodoric tried to bring people up to the level of Roman civilization, he employed Boethius to teach, but it failed
    • 1.      Imprisoned by Theodoric for treason and executed
    •                                                           iii.      Worked on translating and interpreting the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle
    •                                                           iv.      Influenced by Greek Neoplatonism
    •                                                             v.      Wrote On the Consolation of Philosophy: a treatiste on fortune, death, etc.
    •                                                           vi.      He is the source for the curriculum known as the quadrivium, a combination of arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, and music
  5. Res Gestae
    •                                                               i.      Summarizes the accomplishments of Augustus in three major areas: his offices, his private expenditures on behalf of the state, and his exploits in war and peace
    •                                                             ii.      Though factual in approach, it is a highly subjective account
    •                                                           iii.      Written by Augustus and inscribed on a bronze tablet at Rome
    •                                                           iv.      Called “the most famous ancient inscription”
    •                                                             v.      Examples of topics:
    • 1.      Raised an army at 19 and liberated the republic
    • 2.      Drove his dads assassins into exile and conquered them twice
  6. Alcuin
    •                                                               i.      Called by Einhard, “the greatest scholar of that day”
    •                                                             ii.      Man of letters who was from the famous school at York that was a product of the great revival of learning in the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Northumbria
    •                                                           iii.      Provided leadership for the palace school while serving at Charlemagne’s court as an adviser on ecclesiastical affairs from 782-796
    •                                                           iv.      Concentrated on teaching Classical Latin and adopted Cassiodorus’ sevenfold division of knowledge known as the liberal arts
  7. 1.      Al-Khwarizmi
    •                                                               i.      A ninth-century Persian mathematician who created the discipline of algebra
    • 1.      Coined the term ‘algebra’
    • 2.      He and his colleagues were scholars at the House of Wisdom in Baghdad
    •                                                             ii.      Made contributions in geography, astronomy, arithmetic, and algebra
    • 1.      Created map of known world
  8. Leo III
    •                                                750-816                i.      In 799, a rebellion against him caused him to flee to safety at Charlemagne’s court; he was barely clinging to power in the face of rebellious Romans
    •                                                             ii.      After Charlemagne journeyed to Rome to settle affairs in Novemeber 800, afterwards, on Christmas Day in 800, Pope Leo III placed a crown on Charlemagne’s head
    • 1.      He crowned him emperor of the Romans
    • a.       Signified the Pope’s ability to make an emperor and depose an emperor
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Also a blending of three cultures: A Germanic King was crowned emperor of the Romans by the Pope
  9. Battle of the Milvian Bridge
    •                                                               i.      This battle was the turning point in Constantine’s life that caused him to begin supporting Christianity
    • 1.      It was also fought because Constantine was on the quest to be a sole ruler
    •                                                             ii.      This battle was against the forces of Maxentius at the Milvian Bridge, which crossed the Tiber River just north of the city of Rome
    • 1.      Before the battle, he saw the words, “In this sign, you will conquer.”
    • a.       He ought the battle in the name of the Christian God
    • b.      He won the battle and was convinced of the power of the Christian God
    •                                                           iii.      After this battle, he emerges as sole ruler of the West
  10. Treaty of Verdun
    •                                                               i.      This treaty was signed by three of the four sons of Louis the Pious, Charlemagne’s son and successor.
    • 1.      It divided the Carolingian Empire among the three of the sons into three major sections
    • a.       Charles the Bald: western Frankish lands, which became France
    • b.      Louis the German: eastern lands, which became Germany
    • c.       Lothar received the title of emperor and a “Middle Kingdom” extending from the North Sea to the Mediterranean, including the Netherlands, the Rhineland, and northern Italy
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      This territory became a source of incessant struggle between the other two Frankish rulers and their heirs
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ID Terms First Ten
2012-11-07 05:14:49
Hour Quiz II

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