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You had the same amount of psychic energy your whole life. Changes occur when you ______ the psychic energy in new directions.
What motivates all human activity?
Life instinct, any need satisfying, life-sustaining, or pleasure-oriented urge.
Libido (also known as sex)
Thanatos (also known as aggression)
According to Freud, the mind consists of what three parts?
Conscious, Preconscious, Unconscious
All thoughts, feelings, and perceptions you are presently aware of. Whatever you are currently perceiving or thinking about. These thoughts represent only a small fraction of the information available to you.
Any piece of information you are not presently thinking about, but could easily retrieve and make conscious.
Memories, feelings, thoughts, or urges that are so troubling and distasteful that being aware of them would make you anxious. Largest part of the human mind.
How people cope with their sexual and aggressive instincts within the constraints of civilized society.
-Most primitive part of the mind, (source of all drives and urges).
-Operates according to the pleasure principle, (desire for immediate gratification).
-Operates with primary process thinking, (thinking without logical rules of conscious thought or an anchor in reality, such as dreams and fantasies).
-Wish Fulfillment (something unavailable is conjured up, and the image of it is temporarily satisfying).
-Child begins to develop third part of mind.
-Internalizes ideals, values, and moral of society, (Makes us feel guilty, ashamed, and embarrassed. What some refer to as the "conscious").
-Determines what is right and wrong, emotion of guilt.
-Not bound by reality. Free to set standards for virtue and self-worth. (Can be perfectionistic, unrealistic, and harsh).
-Part of the mind that contrains to the id to reality.
-Develops within the first two-three years of life.
-Operates according to reality principle. (Ego understands that the urges of the id are often in conflict with social and physical reality).
-Operates with secondary process thinking. (Development and devising of strategies for problem solving and obtaining satisfaction).
An upleasant state, which acts as a signal that things are not right and something must be done.
Such anxiety occurs in response to a real, external threat to the person.
Such anxiety occurs when there is a direct conflict between the id and the ego
Such anxiety is caused by a conflict between the ego and the super ego.
Defense mechanisms serve two funtions.
1) Protect the Ego
2) Minimize anxiety and distress
Preventing unacceptable thoughts, feelings, or urges from reaching conscious awareness.
-Keeping an experience out of memory.
-Rejecting an event or key detail to the event.
-Fundamental attribution error= only success is me.
-Threatening or unacceptablt impulse is unconsciously chaneled or redirected from its original source to nonthreatening target.
-Displaced Anger-mad at class instead of supervisor.
-Generating acceptable reasons for outcomes that might otherwise appear socially unacceptable.
-Common among educated person.
-Failed a teast because the teacher cannot write clearly.
-Displaying behavior that indicates the opposite impulse in order to stifle the expression of an unacceptable urge.
-Kill them with kindness.
-We see in others the traits and desires we find most upsetting in ourselves, projecting our qualities onto others.
-Hate others instead of hating ourselves
-Channeling of unacceptable sexual or aggressive instincts into socially desired activities.
-Working out when angry.
-Birth to 18mths
-Main sources of pleasure and tension reduction are the mouth, lips, and tongue.
If a child fails to fully resolve a conflict at a particular stage of development, he or she may get stuck in that stage.
-18mths to three years of age
-Child obtains pleasure from first expelling feces and then toilet training, from retaining feces.
-Many conflicts arise around the childs ability to achieve self-control.
-three to five years of age
-Child discovers he has, or she does not have a penis.
-Sexual desire directed toward opposite sex parent.
-Oedipal conflict: unconscious wish he wants to have mother to himself so he plans to kill off his father.
-six years old to puberty
-Little psychological development occurs
-Focus of child is on learning skills and abilities necessary to succeed as an adult
-Begins through puberty and lasts through ones adult life
-Libido is focused on the genitals, but not in manner of self manipulation associated with the phallic stage.
-The goal for psychoanalysis is to reveal the unconscious.
-First aim is to identify unconscious thoughts and feelings.
-Second aim is to anable the person to deal with it realistically and maturely.
-Relax, let your mind wander, and say whatever comes to mind.
-Don't self censor.
-Can do this several times a week for 50minutes a session to years.
-Satisfy urges and fulfill unconscious desires.
-Guard our sleep
What dream actually contains?
What dreams represent?
Patient begins reacting to the analyst as if he or she were an important figure from patients own life.