Methods of O2

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Author:
jheneale
ID:
18146
Filename:
Methods of O2
Updated:
2010-05-06 19:45:20
Tags:
nrs
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Description:
O2
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  1. Nasal Cannula (6)
    • Low flow
    • Administers Low O2 (pts w/ chronic CO2 retention)
    • Easy to ambulate w/ eat and talk
    • >5 liters of O2 will dry the nasal membrane
    • Allow 1-6L
    • COPD PTS 2L/MIN
  2. Simple Face Mask (6)
    • O2 quick and for short periods
    • Used for transport
    • 6-12L/min 35%-50%
    • Humidification of inspired air
    • Watch for necrosis at the top of the ear
    • REQ >5L/min TO PREVENT EXPIRATION AIR BUILD ^
  3. Partial Rebreathing Mask (6)
    • Reservoir bag conserves CO2
    • Short-term 24h therapy (pt who need ^ O2)
    • Cannot be used w/ a ^ degree of humidity
    • Used when blood O2 must be Raised
    • NOT RECOMMENDED FR PT W/ COPD
    • DO NOT USE W/ A NEBULIZER
  4. Non-Rebreather Mask (7)
    • High concentrations of O2 delivered Accurately
    • O2 flows in the bag but valve prevent expired air from returning
    • 24 hour therapy
    • Caution w. ^ humidity
    • Flow Rate Must be Sufficient
    • Make sure that the proper valve is closed (expiration)
    • INTUBATION MAY BE THE NEXT STEP
  5. O2 Conserving Cannula (6)
    • ^ O2 concentration w/ a LOWER flow
    • >8L/min
    • CANNOT BE CLEANED
    • Pulse ox is needed to determine flow
    • Heavy on the ears (can be padded)
    • LONG TERM O2
  6. Venturi Mask (3)
    • HIGH FLOW
    • High O2 (24% 28% 31% 35% 40% 50%)
    • HELPFUL IN DELIVERING LOW CONSTANT O2 FOR COPD PT'S

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