Personality ch 10

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Personality ch 10
2012-11-04 16:21:13

Personality ch 10
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  1. More focused on childhood relationships and adult conflicts. 
    Neo-Analytic Movement
  2. 1) Unconscious still plays a large role in life, although it may not be the ubiquitous influence Freud held it was.
    2) Behavior often reflects compromises in conflicts between mental processes, such as emotions, motivations, and thoughts.
    3) Childhood plays an important part in personality development, particularly in terms of shaping adult relationships.
    4) Mental representations of the self and relationships guide our interactions with others.
    5) Personality development involves not just regulating sexual and aggressive feelings but also moving from an immature, socially dependent way of relating to others to a mature, independent relationship style. 
    Western's 5 Postulates
  3. One of the worlds experts on recovered memories.
    Elizabeth Loftus
  4. Books by survivors encouraging others to follow their "intuition"
    Popular Press
  5. -Hypnosis does not improve memory-can increase distortions.
    -Suggestive interviewing, interpretations of symptoms as signs of past trauma, pressure from authority to recall trauma, and dream interpretation.
    Therapist Behaviors
  6. A memory is elabortated upon through imagination, leading the person to confuse the imagined events with events that actually happened.
    Imagination Inflation Effect
  7. The tendency to look only for evidence that confirms their previous hunch and to not look for evidence that might disconfirm their belief. 
    Confirmatory Belief
  8. Information gets into our memories without our ever being aware of the information.
    Cognitive Unconscious
  9. Something in the unconscoius motivates our behavior
    Motivated Unconscious 
  10. Focused on identity- what makes us who we are 
    Ego Psychology, Erik Erikson founded this
  11. -First years of life
    -Relationships with parents/guardian
    -Suspicious, estranged, isolated, social discomfort
    Trust v. Mistrust 
  12. -Infants become mobile
    -Do parents allow child to explore?
    -Doubt in relationships, doubt in goals one sets
    Autonomy v. Shame and Doubt 
  13. -Around 3 years
    -Peers- organizing games, choosing leaders, forming goals
    -Lack initiative in the future, resigned to failure
    Initiative v. Guilt 
  14. -Around 4 years old
    -Comparison to peers
    -Feeling as if one does not have talent or ability to get ahead in life
    Industry v. Inferiority
  15. -Adolescence 
    -Fail to have a sense of self and meaning in life; bounce between jobs, relationships goals, values.
    Identity v. Role Confusion
  16. -Late adolescence 
    -Friendship and romantic relationships
    -Isolation and sense of loneliness 
    Intimacy v. Isolation
  17. -Adulthood
    - Products of efforts that one cares about
    -Phonies, "going through the motions"
    Generativity v. Stagnation 
  18. -End of life
    -Leaving generativity's roles 
    -Lots of regrets, bitter, contempt, irritable 
    Integrity v. Despair 
  19. If a person does not have a crisis, or if he or she forms an identity without exploring alternatives, such as accepting the values of parents.
    Identity Foreclosure 
  20. Taking time to explore options before making a commitment to an identity. 
  21. Horney taught that the penis was a symbol of social power rather than an organ women actually desired.
  22. Inflated self- admiration and constant attempts to draw attention to the self and to keep others focused on oneself
  23. Emphasizes social relationships and their origins in childhood
    Object Relations Theory
  24. Secure, Avoidant, Ambivalent.
    Three attachment patterns in infants and adults.
  25. Who did research on the wire monkey and cloth monkey?
    Harlow and Zimmerman
  26. Children experiencing separation anxiety react negatively to separation from their mother (or primary caregiver) becoming agitated and distressed when their mothers leave.
    Separation Anxiety
  27. Children that avoided their mothers when she returned.
    Avoidantly Attached 
  28. When the mother left the room the baby explores and even goes up to the stranger in the room.
    Securely Attached
  29. Children were very anxious about their mothers' leaving. When the mother leaves the child is difficult to calm down. 
    Ambivalently Attached
  30. Adults with _____ _____ style tend to have frequent, but short lived, romantic relationships.
    Ambivalent Attachement
  31. Adults with ____ _____ style can be separated from their partners without stress. 
    Secure Attachment