Cells Chapter 5 Part 3

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LaurenCamp29
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181483
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Cells Chapter 5 Part 3
Updated:
2012-11-06 14:59:52
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cells chapter part quiz test soph bio science
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  1. 3 Forms of DNA?
    • Chromosomes
    • Chromatid
    • Chromatin
  2. What is form of DNA is this?
    Chromatin
  3. What is form of DNA is this?
    Chromosome
  4. What form of DNA is this?
    Chromatid
  5. How does a Chromosome become a Chromatid?
    It splits in half
  6. Gel like subtance located inside the cell that contains organelles?
    Cytoplasm
  7. Tiny structures that perform a specialized fuction?
    Organelles
  8. What is the powerhouse of the Eukaryotic animal cell?
    Mitochondria
  9. What changes the chemical energy in food into a more useable form?
    Mitochondria
  10. What is the site of cellular respiration?
    Mitochondria
  11. What is in lots of muscle and liver?
    Mitochondria
  12. Why is turkey an example of where  Mitochondria is?
    Dark meat has Mitochondria because there's more muscle in the thighs
  13. Why is the Mitochondria also called the "Might Mitchondria"?
    Because it gives us energy
  14. What is the powerhouse of the eukaryotic plant cell?
    Chloroplast
  15. What traps solar energy and converts it into chemical energy?
    Chloroplast
  16. What is the site of Photosynthesis?
    Chloroplast
  17. What are the two types of Endoplasmic Reticulum?
    • Smooth and Rough
    • (SER and RER)
  18. Which Endoplasmic Reticulum is the site of lipid?
    SER
  19. Which Endoplasmic Reticulum is made proteins?
    RER
  20. Which Endoplasmic Reticulum has Ribosomes?
    RER
  21. What acts like a conveyer belt and transports items to the golgi bodies?
    Endoplasmic Reticulum
  22. Where is the RER usually located next to?
    The Nucelus
  23. Why is the RER usually located next to the Nucelus?
    Because the nucleolus makes ribosomes and filters them right out
  24. What looks like flattened discs or pancakes that are unattached?
    Golgi Apparatus
  25. What ist he fuction of the Golgi Apparatatus?
    Modifies, collects, and packages materials for transport around the cell
  26. What usually has small round structures called secretory vesicles next to it?
    Golgi Apparatus
  27. What has small membrane-bound organelles that contain digestive enzymes?
    Lysosomes
  28. What digests food, invading bacteria and worn out cell parts?
    Lysosomes
  29. What is made in the golgi bodies?
    Lysosome
  30. What is an example of Lysosome and why?
    • Webbing in toes.
    • Lysosome usually eats it away when we are in the womb, but when it doesn't that why people have webbing between their toes.
  31. What are also known as a storage tanks?
    (2)
    Vacuoles and Plastids
  32. Where are vacuoles found?
    Plant and Animal Cells
  33. What do Vacuoles do?
    Store Water
  34. Where are Plastids found?
    Plant Cells
  35. What are Plastids involved in?
    (2)
    • Storage of food
    • Pigment
  36. What are the 3 kinds of Plastids?
    • Chloroplasts
    • Chromoplasts
    • Leukoplasts
  37. Which Plastid stores energy?
    Chloroplasts
  38. Which Plastid stores pigment molecules?
    Chromoplasts
  39. Which Plast stores starch?
    Leukoplasts
  40. Where are Ribosomes located?
    (2)
    • On the Endoplasmic Reticulum
    • Floating in the Cytoplasm
  41. What are Ribosomes the site of?
    Protein Synthesis
  42. What types of cells are centrioles found in?
    Animal Cells
  43. What are centrioles used for?
    Cell Division
  44. Differences between Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells?
    (4)
    • Has Cell Wall
    • Has many large vacuoles
    • Has Chloroplast
    • Has no Centrioles
  45. Differences between Animal Cells vs. Plant Cells
    (4)
    • No Cell Wall
    • Few Small Vacuoles
    • No Chloroplast
    • Centrioles
  46. Why is a plant cell square?
    Because it has a Cell Wall that keeps everything compressed
  47. 3 Rules for using a microscope?
    • Hold from the arm and base
    • Always start and end on Low power
    • Never use coarse adujectment on high/medium
  48. What is the equation to calculate the total magnifaction?
    Eyepiece x objective= total magnifcation
  49. Complete the chart:
                      Eyepiece|Objective Lens|Total Magnication
    Low Power|             |                       |                            
    Medium Power|        |                       |                           
    High Power|              |                       |                          
    • Low Power:
    • -Eye piece- 10x
    • -Objective Lens- 4x
    • -Total Magnication- 40x

    • Medium Power:
    • -Eyepiece- 10x
    • -Objective Lens- 10x
    • -Total Magnication- 100x

    • High Power:
    • -Eye Piece-10x
    • -Objective Lens- 40x
    • Total Magnication- 400x

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