Economics Chapter 11

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Economics Chapter 11
2012-11-03 23:02:31

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  1. A Certificate of Deposit
    A document showing that an investor has made an interest-bearing loan to the bank.
  2. Insurance Premium
    The price the insured pays for this policy.
  3. Municipal Bond 
    Bonds issued by state and local governments. 
  4. How much do you pay for a $50 savings bond? 
    You pay $25
  5. What is the difference in a bull market and a bear market? 
    A bull market moves up, a bear market declines. 
  6. What is the Dow (DJIA)? 
    Measure of stock market performance based on 30 representative stocks. 
  7. What is the S&P 500? 
    Measure of stock market performance based on 500 stocks traded on the NYSE, AMEX, and OTC market. 
  8. Saving
    Absence of spending
  9. Savings
    The dollars that become available when people abstain from consumption. 
  10. Financial Assets 
    A stock or other document that represents a claim on the income and property of a borrower 
  11. The Life Insurance Company
    A non-bank financial institution set up to provide financial protection for survivors of the insured
  12. Premium
    The price the insured pays for the length of the protection. Life Insurance, health insurance, car insurance all pay premiums. 
  13. Bond
    A formal long term contract that requires repayment of borrowed money and interest on the borrowed funds at regular intervals over time. 
  14. Junk Bonds are...
    exceptionally risky
  15. Par Value
    the total amount borrowed
  16. Secondary Market
    A market, where existing financial assets can be resold to new owners
  17. Municipal Bonds are usually a ____ investment 
  18. Savings Bond
    Low denomination, nontransferable bonds issued by the U.S. government that are also called EE savings bonds. (Bonds range from $50-$10,000 and they are purchased at the 1/2 the face value.)
  19. Treasury noted are U.S. government obligations with maturities of...
    2-10 years
  20. Treasury bonds have maturity dates ranging from more than...
    10-30 years
  21. Notes and Bonds both come in denominations of ...
  22. Treasury Bills or T-Bills
    Short term U.S government obligation with a maturity of one-year or less in denominators of $1000.
  23. Most stocks in the United States are traded on the...
    Over-the-counter market
  24. A stock transaction that is made immediately at the market price is made in the...
    Spot Market
  25. Financial Asset
    Claims on the property and income of the borrower
  26. Beneficiary 
    Someone who inherits the ownership of the financial assets if the purchaser dies
  27. Bull Market
    A strong market with prices moving up for several months or years in a row. 
  28. Current Yield
    The annual interest divided by the purchase price
  29. Equities
    stocks that represent ownership shared in corporations
  30. Stock Broker
    a person who buys or sells equities or stocks
  31. Risk 
    a situation in which the outcome is not certain but the probabilities of different outcomes can be estimated
  32. Money Market
    a market where money is loaned for periods of less than one year.
  33. Call Option
    The right to buy something at a specific future price
  34. Over-the-Counter Market (OTC)
    an electronic marketplace for securities that are not traded on an organized exchange such as NYSE. 
  35. The most common OTC market is...
  36. Pension
    A regular payment intended to provide income security to someone who has worked a certain number of years, reached a specific age, or suffered an injury. 
  37. 401K Plan
    A tax deferred investment and savings plan that acts as a personal pension fund for many employees . This comes from a payroll deduction. 
  38. Tax-deferred
    Before taxes or this money has not been taxed
  39. Portfolio Diversification
    Is holding a large number of stocks so that increases in some will offset unexpected declines in others. 
  40. This is known as being Tax-exempt...
    When the government does not tax interest paid on an investment. 
  41. Put Option
    The right to sell something at a specific future price
  42. Bear Market
    Market in which prices of equities decline for several months or years.
  43. Finance Company
    A firm that makes loans to consumers and buys installment contracts from merchants who sell goods on credit.
  44. Capital Market
    A market where money is loaned for more than one year
  45. Mutual Fund
    A company that sells stock in itself to individual investors and then invests the money in stocks and bonds of other corporations. 
  46. Standard & Poor's 500 (S&P 500)
    A popular benchmark of stock performance that uses the prices changes of 500 representatives stocks as an indicator of overall market performance.