A _____ _____ is limited to the specific part of the body where the microorgaisms remain.
What is systemic infection?
The microorganisms spread and damage different parts of the body.
How are mircoorganisms transmitted?
1. Direct transmission
2. Indirect transmission
3. Airborne transmission
What are the five signs that characterize Inflammation?
5. impaired function of the part, if the injury is severe
What are the normal ranges of a leukocyte count in the bloodstream?
4,500 to 11,000 per cubic millimeter of blood.
When inflammation occurs leukocyte in the blood can rise to 20,000
The signs of a systemic infection are:
Fever, increased pulse and respiratory rate if the fever is high, malaise and loss of energy, anorexia and nausea and vomiting, enlargement and tenderness of lymph nodes that drain the area of infection
Isolation refers to what?
The measures disigned to prevent the spread of infections of potentially infectious microorganisms to health personnel, clients and visitors.
What are Standard Precautions in Hospitals?
Perform proper hand Hygiene
Wear clean gloves when touching body fluids
Wear a mask or face shield if splashes are expected
Wear a clean nonsterile gown if care is likely to result in sprays of fluids
What are Airborne Precautions?
Place client in a private room that has negative air pressure
If a private room is not available, place client with another client who is infected with the same microorganism
Wear a Respiratory device (N95 respirator) when entering the room
Susceptible people should not enter the room of a client who has Measles or Varicella
Limit movement of client outside the room to essential purposes.
Place a surgical mask on the client during transport
What are Droplet Precautions?
Place client in private room
If room is not available, place client with another client who is infected with the same microorganism
Wear gloves as described in standard precautions
Wear a gown when entering a room if there is a possibility of contact with infected surfaces or items
limit movenent of client outside the room
Dedicate the use of noncritical client care equipment to a single client or to clients with the same infecting microorganisms.