Governing the Empire
In terms of governing, Charlemagne was dependent on royal estates for resources, which already gives them more power than they need. Not only that, but he also granted them part of the royal lands. Counts and margraves, border district officials, were used to maintain the order. Counts were also ddangerous as they began taking royal lands and services. Still, Charlemagne managed to limit their control by instituting a positive development, missi dominici, who were sent out to ensure the counts were following orders. Through these, Charlemagne was attempting to centralize authority and thus progress civilization.