Anatomy Regional Vertebrae

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Anatomy Regional Vertebrae
2012-11-04 14:52:03
Anatomy Regional Vertebrae

Anatomy Regional Vertebrae
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  1. What is the distinctive feature of the cervical vertebrae?
    Transverse foramina
  2. Where does the vertebral artery exit the transverse foramina?
    After C6 before C7
  3. What are the distinctive features of C6 and C7
    • C6 = large anterior tubercle called Carotid tubercle
    • C7 = long spinous process
  4. How many joints are between C1 and Occipitus?
    2 joints (atlantooccipital joints)
  5. How many atlantoaxial joints?
    3 joints (median, 2 lateral atlantoaxial joints)
  6. What are the attachments for the apical ligament?
    Tip of dens to occipital bone
  7. What are the attachments for the alar ligaments? what is there function?
    • lateral sides of dense to occipital bone¬†
    • prevent over rotation
  8. What are the attachments for the transverse ligament?
    tubercle for transvers ligament on lateral masses of C1
  9. What movement occurs at atlantoaxial joint (C1/C2)?
    What movement occurs at atlantooccipital joint (C1/C0)?
    • Rotation
    • Flexion, extension, lateral bending
  10. Unique features of the thoracic vertebrae?
    • 6 extra joint facets
    • allow rotation
  11. What are the extra joint facets?
    • Costovertebral joints
    • Costotransverse joints
  12. What is the shape of the body?
  13. What is the shape of the vertebral foramen?
  14. What is unique about the lumbar vertebrea?
    • Four extra processes
    • 2 accessory processes
    • 2 mamillary processes
  15. Where are the accessory processes located?
    posterioinferior aspect of the root of each transverse process
  16. Where are the mamillary processes located?
    posterior border of each process (superior articular process is main)
  17. At what level does the spinal chod end?