Patho 3

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Author:
cgordon05
ID:
18170
Filename:
Patho 3
Updated:
2010-05-06 22:52:05
Tags:
test one material
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test one material
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  1. Neurotransmitters released from parasympathetic and sympathetic neurons:
    Preganglionic neuron of sympathetic and parasympathetic neurons
    • Neurotransmitter = ACh (acetylcholine)
    • Receptor = Nicotinic cholinergic receptor
  2. Neurotransmitters released from parasympathetic and sympathetic neurons:
    Postganglionic sympathetic neuron
    • Neurotransmitter = Norepinephrine
    • Receptor = Adrenergic receptor
  3. Neurotransmitters released from parasympathetic and sympathetic neurons:
    Postganglionic parasympathetic neuron
    • Neurotransmitter = ACh (acetylcholine)
    • Receptor = Muscarinic cholinergic receptor
  4. Saturated Fatty Acids (SFAs)
    • Non-essential
    • = Lauric acid (C12)
    • = Myristic acid (C14)
    • = Palmitic acid (C15)
  5. Essential Fatty Acids
    (EFAs)
    • Linoleic acid (C18:2;w6)
    • Arachidonic acid (C20:4;w6) - essential if diet not sufficient in linoleic acid
    • Alpha-linoleic acid (C18:3;w3) -->
    • EPA - Eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5;w3)
    • DHA - Docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6;w3)
  6. Normal plasma osmolality
    • 280-300 mmol/kg
    • 280-300 mOsm/kg
  7. Effect of hypernatremia on water distribution
    (hyperglycemia, hypertonic solution)
    hypernatremia --> hyperosmolality --> water moves out of cells --> cell dehydration
  8. Effect of hyponatremia on water distribution
    (hypoglycemia, hypotonic solution)
    hyponatremia --> hypoosmolality --> water into cells from ECF --> cellular edema

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