Module 1

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Module 1
2012-11-05 03:12:01
Health wellness illness

Health, wellness. and illness (Chapter 17)
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  1. Traditionally _____ was defined in terms of the presence or absence of disease.
  2. How did the American Nurses Association define Health?
    "a dynamic state of being in which the developmental and behavioral potential of an individual is realized to the fullest exptent possible"
  3. What are the 7 components to Wellness?
    • 1. Physial
    • 2. Social
    • 3. Emotional
    • 4. Entellectual
    • 5. Spiritual
    • 6. Occupational
    • 7. Environmental¬†
  4. What are the different Models of Health and Wellness?
    • Clinical Model: People are viewed as physiologic systems with related functions, and health is identified by the absence of signs and symptoms of disease or injury
    • Role Performance Model: Health is defined in terms of the individual's ability to fulfill societal roles, that is , to perform his or her work. People usesally fulfill several roles and certain individuals may consider nonwork roles paramount in their lives.
    • Adaptive Model: Health is a creative process; disease is a failure in adaptation, or maladaptation. The aim of treatment is to restore the ability of the person to adapt, that is , to cope.
    • Eudemonistic Model: Health is seen as a condition of actualization or realization of a person's potenial. In this model the highest aspiration of people is fulfillment and complee development.
    • Agent-Host-Environment Model: The ecologic model, is used primarily in predicting illness rather than in promoting wellness. Three dynamic interactive elements; 1. agent, 2. Host, 3. Environment
    • Health-illness Continua: Used to measure a person's perceived level of wellness.¬†
  5. What are some intermal variables that influence health status, beliefs, and pracitces?
    • Biologic dimension: genetic makeup, age, developmental level
    • Psychologic Dimension: Mind-body interaction, increasing attention, emotional reaction, and self-comcept
    • Cognitive Dimention: Lifestyle choices and spiritual and religious beliefs.
  6. What are some external variables that influence health status, beliefs, and pracitces?
    • Environment: People are becoming increasingly aware of their environment and how it affects their health and level of wellness.
    • Standards of Living: An individual's standard of living is related to health, morbidity, and mortality.
    • Family and Cultural Beliefs: The family passes on patterns of daily living and lifestyles to offspring.
    • Social Support Networks: Having a support network and job satisfaction help people avoid illness.
  7. ______ is the extent to which an individual's behavior coincides with medical or health advice.
  8. What is Acute illness?
    typically characterized by severe symptoms of relatively short duration.
  9. What is Chronic illness?
    one that lasts for an extended period, usually 6 months or longer.
  10. What is Remission?
    when the symptoms disappear
  11. What is Exacerbation?
    When the symptoms reappear