Brain and behavior
Card Set Information
Brain and behavior
parts of the brain
part of the brain that includes the cerebellum, the medulla, and the pons
has charge of largely unconcious, but vital functions, including blood flow, breathing, muscle and reflexes
a bridge of fibers that connects the brainstem with the cerebellum *involved with sleep and arousal
what is involved with sleep and arousal?
critical to the coordination of movement and to the sense of equilibrium
responsible for synthesis of dopamine
contributes to the modulation of muscle reflexes, breathing and pain perception
largest and most complex region of the brain, encompasing a variety of structures including the thalamus, hypothalamus, limbic system and cerebrum
a structure in the forebrain through which all sensory info (except smell) must pass to get to the cerebral cortex
involved in the regulation of basic biological needs
enables us to experience emotion
play a role in the factual memory process
plays a central role in the learning of fear responses and aggression
a bundle of axons, passes through the hypothalamus
*rich in dopamine releasing neurons
medial forebrain bundle
includes brain areas that are responsible for mental activities
convoluted layer of the cerebrum
right and left halves of the cerebrum
the structure that connects the two cerebral hemispheres
*sends info back and forth to the brain
includes the cortical area where most visual signals are sent and visual processing is begun
includes the area that registers the sense of touch
contains area devoted to auditory processing
largest lobe in the human brain
contains the principle areas that control the movement of muscles
the portion of the frontal lobe to the front of the motor cortex
where is broca's area ?
left side of the frontal lobe
what does broca's area control?
the production of speech
where is wenicke's area?
in the temporal lobe of the left hemisphere
what does wernicke's area control?
comprehension of language
Who are sperry and gazzaniga and why are they important to our study of the brain?
they studied split brain patients
what 2 senses communicate differently with the brain?
vision and hearing
the center for understanding language?
left frontal lobe
this part of hte brain sends sensory messages to other parts of the brain
this part of the hindbrain controls walking, balance and coordination
if this part of the brain was damaged, your life would be in danger because it controls blood flow and breathing
you would use this part of your brain when deciding where you want to go to college or what kind of car to buy
if you are craving doritos or thirsty for a coke this part of the brain is influencing you
this is the center for expressing/producing language
what structure connects the right and left hemisphere?
when you listem to music is it processed here?
when you watch a movie, this area allows you to process the information
primary visual cortex
if you are bitten by a dog you will most likely fear dogs in the future because of this structure
your tongue and lips are very sensitive, we would know this by looking at surface area of this