Muscles.txt

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daniellemarie
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Muscles.txt
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2012-11-05 18:45:47
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    • author "me"
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    • fileName "Muscles"
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    • What is the function of trapezius muscle
    • Moves scapula and extends the head and neck
  1. What is the origin of the trapezius muscle
    Occipital and thoracic vertebrae
  2. What is insertion of the trapezius muscle
    Clavicle and scapula
  3. What Is the function of the sternocleidomastoid
    Rotates laterally and moves the head, flexes neck
  4. What is the origin of the sternocleidomastoid
    Superior sternum and clavicle
  5. What is the insertion of the sternocleidomastoid muscle
    Temporal mastoid process
  6. What is the function of the orbicularis oculi muscle
    Closes eyes
  7. What is the origin of the orbicularis oculi muscle
    Maxilla, frontal, and lacrimal (medial orbit)
  8. What is the insertion of the occipitofrontalis muscle
    Raises eyebrows and wrinkles forehead
  9. What is the origin of the occipitofrontalis muscle
    Occipital
  10. What is the insertion of the occipitofrontalis muscle
    Skin of eyebrows and bridge of nose
  11. What is the insertion of the orbicularis oculi muscle
    Skin around the eyelids
  12. What is the function of the orbicularis oris?
    Closes and protrudes lips
  13. What is the origin of the orbicularis oris muscle
    Maxilla and mandible
  14. What is the insertion of the orbicularis oris muscle
    Skin around lips and mouth
  15. What is the function of the zygomaticus muscle
    Smile
  16. What is the origin of the zygomaticus muscle
    Zygomatic
  17. What is the insertion of the zygomaticus muscle
    Skin at angle of mouth and upper lip
  18. What is the function of the masseter muscle
    Chewing
  19. What is the origin of the masseter muscle
    Zygomatic arch
  20. What is the insertion of the massester muscle
    Mandible
  21. What is the function of the depressor anguli oris
    Frown
  22. What is the origin of the depressor anguli oris
    Mandible
  23. What is the insertion of the depressor anguli oris
    Skin at angle of mouth and upper lip
  24. What is the function of the orbicularis oculi
    Closes eyes
  25. What is the function of the diaphragm
    Increases thoracic cavity size
  26. What is the origin of the diaphragm
    Ribs, costal cartilage, lumbars, and xiphoid process
  27. What is the insertion of the diaphragm
    Central tendon
  28. What is the function of the external oblique and internal oblique muscles?
    Compresses the abdomen to create intraabdominal pressure and flex spine
  29. What is tthe origin of the external oblique muscle
    Lower eight ribs
  30. What is the insertion of the external oblique muscle
    Linea Alba and iliac crest
  31. What is the origin of the internal oblique
    Iliac crest
  32. What is the insertion of the internal oblique
    Lower ribs, xiphoid process, and Linea alba
  33. What is the function of the transversus abdominis
    Compress abdomen
  34. What is the origin of the transversus abdomen
    Iliac crest and costal cartilage
  35. What is the insertion of the transversus abdominis
    Linea alba and pubic crest
  36. What is the function of the rectus abdominis
    Depress ribs, flexes spine, abdominal compression
  37. What is the origin of the rectus abdominis
    Pubis
  38. What is the insertion of the rectus abdominis
    Xiphoid process and costal cartilage
  39. What is the function of the pectoralis major
    Flex, adduct , and medially rotates shoulder
  40. What is the origin of the pectoralis major
    Clavicle, sternum, costal cartilage
  41. What is the insertion of the pectoralis major
    Humerus
  42. What is the function of the latissimus dorsi
    Extend, adduct, and medially rotate shoulder
  43. What is the origin of the latissimus dorsi?
    Iliac crest and lower vertebrae
  44. What is the insertion of the latissimus dorsi
    Humerus
  45. What is the function of the biceps brachii
    Flex and supinates antebrachium (radius)
  46. What is the origin of the biceps brachii
    Scapula
  47. What is the insertion of the biceps brachii
    Proximal radius
  48. What is the function of the brachialis
    Flex antebrachium (ulna)
  49. What is the origin of the brachialis
    Distal humerus
  50. What is the insertion of the brachialis
    Proximal ulna
  51. What is the function of the triceps brachii
    Extend antebrachium
  52. What is the origin of the triceps brachii
    Scapula and humerus
  53. What is the insertion of the triceps brachii
    Proximal ulna
  54. What is the function of the deltoid (anterior, medial, and posterior)
    Abduct, flex, medially and laterally rotate arm
  55. What is the origin of the deltoids
    Clavicle and scapula
  56. What is the insertion of the deltoids
    Humerus
  57. What is the function of the iliopsoas muscle
    Flexes thigh or trunk
  58. What is the origin of the iliopsoas muscle
    Ilium and lumbar vertebrae
  59. What is the insertions of the iliopsoas muscle
    Femur (proximal-lesser trochanter)
  60. What is the function of the sartorius muscle
    Flexes, abducts and laterally rotates thigh, flexes knee
  61. What is the origin of the sartorius
    Ilium
  62. What is the insertion of the sartorius
    Proximal tibia
  63. What is the function of the gluteus maximus
    Extends and laterally rotates thigh
  64. What is the origin of the gluteus maximus
    Ilium, sacrum, coccyx
  65. What is insertion of the gluteus maximus
    Proximal femur
  66. What is the function of the gluteus medius and minimus
    Abducts and medially rotates thigh
  67. What is the origin of the gluteus medius and minimus
    Ilium
  68. What is the insertion of the gluteus medius and minimus
    Fernier (greater trochanter)
  69. What is the function of the tensor fasciae latae
    Flex, abduct, medially rotate and stabilize thigh
  70. What is the origin of the tensor fasciae latae
    Pubis
  71. What is the insertion of the tensor fasciae latae
    Medial femur
  72. What is the function of the gracilis
    Flexes leg, addicts and medially rotates thigh
  73. What is the origin of the gracilis
    Inferior pubis and ischium
  74. What is the insertion of the gracilis
    Proximal and medial tibia
  75. What is the function of the semitendinosus and semimembranosis
    Flexes leg, extends hip, medially rotates thigh
  76. What is the origin of the semitendinosus and semimembranosis
    Ischium
  77. What is the insertion of the semitendinosus and semimembranosis
    Tibia
  78. What is the function of the biceps femoris
    Flex leg, extends and laterally rotates thigh
  79. What is the origin of the biceps femoris
    Ischium and femur
  80. What is the insertion of the biceps femoris
    Proximal tibia fibula
  81. What is the function of the rectus femoris
    Extends leg and flexes thigh
  82. What is the origin of the rectus femoris
    Ilium
  83. What is the insertion of the rectus femoris
    Tibia and patella
  84. What is the function of the vastus intermedius, lateralis, and medialis
    Extends leg
  85. What is the origin of the vastus intermedius, lateralis, medialis
    Femur
  86. What is the insertion if the vastus intermedius, lateralis, and medialis
    Tibia
  87. What is the function of the tibialis anterior
    Dorsiflexes and inverts foot
  88. What is the origin of the tibialis anterior
    Tibia
  89. What is the insertion of the tibialis anterior
    1st metatarsal
  90. What is the function if the gastrocnemius
    Plantarflex, invert, and adducts foot, and flex knee
  91. What is the origin of the gastrocnemius
    Femur
  92. What is the insertion of the gastrocnemius
    Calcaneus
  93. What is the function of the soleus
    Plantarflex foot
  94. What is the origin of the soleus
    Tibia and fibula
  95. What is the insertion of the soleus
    Calcaneus
  96. What is the function of the fibularis
    Plantarflex and everts footfoot
  97. What is the origin of the fibularis
    Fibula
  98. What is the insertion of the fibularis
    5th metatarsal
  99. What is the function of the flexor digitorum
    Flexes toes 2-5
  100. What is the origin of the flexor digitorum
    Posterior ans medial tibia
  101. What is the insertion of the flexor digitorum
    Inferior phalanges 2-5

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