Behavior and Emotional Disorders Chapter 6

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  1. conduct problems/antisocial disorders
    term used to describe a wide range of age-appropriate actions and attitudes of a child that violates family expectations, societal norms, and the personal or property rights of others

    children with conduct disorder display a repetitive and persistent pattern of severe aggressive and antisocial acts that involve inflicting pain on others or interfering with rights of other through physical and verbal aggression, stealing, or committing acts of vandalism
  2. juvenile delinquency
    describes children who have broken a law, ranging from sneaking into a moview without paying to homocide
  3. externalizing behavior
    a continuous dimension with includes a mixture of impulsive, overactive, aggressive, and rule-breaking acts
  4. overt-covert dimension
    • this ranges from overt visible acts such as fighting to covert hidden acts such as lying or stealing
    • children who display overt antisocial behavior tend to be negative, irritable, and resentful in their reactions to hostile situations and to experience higher levels of family conflict
    • children who display covert antisocial behavior are less social, more anxious and more suspicious of others, and come from homes that provide little family support
  5. destructive-nondestructive dimension
    it ranges from acts such as cruelty to animals or physical assault to nondestructive behaviors such as arguing or irritability
  6. Oppositional defiant disorder
    these children display an age-inappropriate recurrent pattern of stubborn, hostile, disobediant, and defiant behavior
  7. DSM 4 for ODD
    • A. 4 or more present in last 6 months
    •      often lose temper
    •      often argues with adults
    •      often actively defies or refuses to comply with adults's requestor rules
    •      often deliberately annoys people
    •      often blames others for his or her mistakes or misbehaviors
    •      is often touchy or easily annoyed by others
    •      is often angry and resentful
    •      is often spiteful or vindictive

    B. disturbance in behavior causes impairment in social, academic or occupational functioning

    C. behaviors do not occur exclusively during the course of psychotic or mood disorder

    D. criteria not met for conduct disorder and if 18+ years old criteria not met for antisocial personality disorder
  8. DSM 4 for conduct disorder
    • A. 3 or more of criteria below are present in last 12 monts or 1 present in last 6 months
    •     Aggression to people and animal
    •     Destructive of property
    •     Deceitfulness or theft
    •     Serious violation of rules

    B. disturbances or behavior casues impairment in social, academic, and occupational functioning

    C. in 18+ years old, criteria not met for antisocial personality disorder
  9. childhood-onset conduct disorder
    a specific tyoe of conduct disorder whereby the child displays at least one characteristic of the disorder prior to age 10
  10. adolescent-onset conduct disorder
    a specific type of conduct disorder for which the characteristics are not exhibited prior to age 10 but afterward
  11. antisocial personality disorder (APD) (also known as dyssocial personality disorder)
    an adult disorder characterized by a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others, as well as engagement in multiple illegal behaviors
  12. callous and unemotional (CU) interpersonal style
    a mode of social interaction that is characterized by such traits aas the absence of feelings of guilt, not showing empathey, and not showing emotions
  13. hostile attribute bias
    the tendency of aggressive children to attribute negative intent to others, especially when the intentions of another child are unclear (e.g., when a child accidentally bumps into them, they are likely to think the other child did it on purpose)
  14. life-course persistent (LCP) path
    a developmental pathway to antisocial behavior in which the child engages in antisocial behavior at an early age and continues to do so into adulthood
  15. adolescent-limited (AL) path
    a developmental pathway to antisocial behavior whereby the child's antisocial behavior begins around puberty, continues into adolescence, and later desists in young adulthood
  16. behavioral activation system (BAS)
    a subsystem of the brain that activates behavior in response to cues of reward or nonpunishment
  17. behavioral inhibition system (BIS)
    a subsystem of the brain that produces anxiety and inhibits ongoing behavior in the presence of novel events, innate fear stimuli, and signals of nonreward or punishment
  18. social-cognitive abilities
    the skills involved in attending to, interpreting, and responding to social cues
  19. reciprocal influence
    the theory that the child's behavior is both influenced by and itself influences the behavior of other family members
  20. coercion theory
    a developmental theory proposing that coercive parent-child interactions serves as the training ground for the development of antisocial behavior. The child learns how to use increasingly intense forms of noxious behavior to escape and aboid unwanted parental demands
  21. amplifier hypothesis
    the premise that stress may serve to amplify the maladaptive predispositions of parents, thereby disrupting family management practices and compromising the parents' ability to be supportive of their children
  22. social selection hypothesis
    the premise that people tend to select environments in which there are other people similar to themselves
  23. parent management training (PMT)
    a program aimed at teaching parents to cope effectively with their child's difficult behavior and their own reactions to it
  24. problem-solving skills training (PSST)
    instruction aimed at targeting the cognitive deficiencies and distortions displayed by children and adolescents who experience conduct problems in interpersonal situations, particularly those children who are aggressive
  25. multisystemic therapy (MST)
    an approach to treatment that attempts to address the multiple determinants of problematic behaviors by involving family members, school personnel, peers, juvenile justice staff, and others in the child's life, and by drawing on multiple techniques such as problem-solving skills training, and marital therapy, as well as specialized interventions such as special education placements, referral to substance abuse treatment programs, or referral to legal services
  26. disruptive behavior disorder
    a DSM 4 category for persistent patterns of antisocial behavior that includes oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder
  27. psychopathic features
    defined as a pattern of callous, manipulative, deceitful, and remorseless behavior---the more menacing side of human nature
  28. subclinical levels of symptoms
    troubling symptoms too few in number to qualify for a categorical diagnosis
Card Set:
Behavior and Emotional Disorders Chapter 6
2012-11-06 20:38:28
Chapter Conduct Problems

Abnormal Child Psychology 5th edition
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