Behavior and Emotional Disorders Chapter 7

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pntaub
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181961
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Behavior and Emotional Disorders Chapter 7
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2012-11-06 15:53:48
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Chapter Anxiety Disorders
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Abnormal Child Psychology 5th edition
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  1. anxiety
    a mood state characterized by strong negative affect, bodily symptoms of tensionm and apprehensive anticipation of future danger or misfortune
  2. anxiety disorders
    a disorder in which the child experiences excessive and debilitating anxiety
  3. neurotic paradox
    the pattern of self-perpetuating behavior in which children who are overly anxious in various situations, even while being aware that the anxiety may be unnecessary or excessive, find themselves unable to abandon their self-defeating behaviors
  4. fight/flight response
    the immediate reaction to percieved danger or threat whereby efforts are directed toward protecting against potential harm, either by confronting the source of danger (fight), or by escaping from the situation (flight)
  5. panic
    a group of unexpected physical symptoms of the fight/flight response that occur in the absence of any obvious threat or danger
  6. fear
    an alarm reaction to current danger or life-threatening emergencies; marked by strong escape-oriented tendencies and a surge in the sympathetic nervous system
  7. separation anxiety disorder (SAD)
    a form of anxiety disorder in which the subject displays age-inappropriate, excessive, and disabling anxiety  about being apart from his or her parents or away from home
  8. school refusal behavior
    a form of anxiety disorder in which the child refuses to attend classes or has difficulty remaining in school for an entire day
  9. generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
    a form of anxity disorder in which the subject experiences chronic or exaggerated worry and tension, almost always anticipating disaster, even in the absence of an obvious reason to do so. The worrying is often accompanied by physcial such as trembing, muscle tension, headaches, and nausea
  10. specific phobia
    a marked and persistent fear of clearly discernible, circumscribed objects or sityations
  11. social phobia (social anxiety disorder)
    a marked and persistent fear of social or performance situations in which the subject is exposed to possible scrutiny and embarrassment
  12. generalized social phobia
    a severe form of social phobia in which the subject fears most social situations, is afraid to meet or talk with new people, avoids contact with anyone outside of family, and frinds it extremely difficult to attend school, participate in recreational activities, or socialized at al
  13. obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
    a form of anxiety disorder in which the subject experiences repeated, intrusive, and unwanted thoughts that cause anxiety and often engages in ritualized behavior to relieve this anxiety
  14. obsessions
    persistent, intrusive, and ittational thoughts, ideas, impulses, or images that focus on improbable or unrealistic events or on real-life events that are greatly exaggerated
  15. compulsions
    repetative, purposeful, and intentional behaviors or mental acts that are performed in response to an obsession
  16. panic attack
    a sudden and overwhelming period of intense fear or discomfort accompanied by 4 or more physical and cognitive symptoms charactieristic of the fight/flight response
  17. agoraphobia
    a form of anxiety characterized by a fear of being alone in, and avoiding, certain places or situations from which escape may be difficult or embarrassing, or in which help may be unavailable in the event of a panic attack
  18. posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
    a form of anxiety disorder whereby the child displays persistent anxiety following exposure to or witnessing of an overwhelming traumatic event that is outside of the range of usual human experience
  19. acute stress disorder
    a form of anxiety disorder characterized by the development of anxiety, dissociationm and other symptoms following exposure to an extremely traumatic stressor. These symptoms last for at least two days but do not persist for more than a month
  20. behavioral therapy: graded exposure
    gradual exposure of the subject to feared situation
  21. behavioral therapy: exposure
    use for treating anxiety disorders that exposes the subject to the source of his or her fear while providing appropriate and effective ways of coping with the fear (other than through escaping and avoidance)
  22. behavioral therapy: flooding
    a procedure for treating anxiety that involves prolonged and repeated exposure to the anxiety-provoking situation until the subject's level of anxiety has diminished
  23. behavioral therapy: systematic desensitization
    a 3 step behavior therapy technique for treating anxiety whereby (1) the child is taught to relax, (2) an anxiety hierarchy is constructed, and (3) the anxiety-provoking stimuli are presented sequentially while the child remains relaxed
  24. behavior lens principle
    a principle that states that child psychopathology reflects a mixture of actual child behavior and the lens through which it is viewed by others in a child's culture
  25. behavioral inhibition (BI)
    the ability to delay one's initial reactions to events or to stop behavior once it has begun
  26. negative affectivity
    a persistent negative mood evidenced by nervousness, sadness, anger, and guilt
  27. panic disorder (PD)
    a form of anxiety disorder characterized by panic attacks and sudden feelings of terror that strike repeatedly and without warning. Physical symptoms include chest pain, heart palpitations, shortness of breath, dizziness, and abdominal stress. There is also persistent concern about having another attack and the possible implications and consequences it would bring
  28. positive affectivity
    a persistent positive mood as reflected in states such as joy, enthusiasm, and energy
  29. response prevention
    a procedure used in the treatment of anxiety that prevents the child from engaging in escape or avoidance behaviors. This procedure is usually used in conjunction with flooding
  30. selective mutism
    the inability or refusal to talk in social situations, despite the fact that the subject may talk at home or in other settings
  31. two-factor theory
    theory used to explain the learning and maintenance of fears through a combination of classical and operant conditioning

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