Bio: P&A

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Sowyfeil
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182008
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Bio: P&A
Updated:
2012-11-06 05:05:28
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Biology Physiology Anatomy
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9 weeks and test 1,2,3. Biology and Chemistry, Histology, skeletal System and Arthrology,
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  1. In order for a regulatory process to be self controled it must utilize:
    Negative feedback
  2. A process which requires rapid response will usually utilize:
    Positive Feedback
  3. The process by which most glands release substances is:
    Exocytosis.
  4. Enzymes, pumps, receptors and carriers will be found as _____ in the plasma membrane.
    Globular Proteins
  5. Which of the following exhibits tertiary protein structure:
    All except answer one are tertiary proteins.
  6. The bending and folding characteristic of tertiary protein structure is produced by both hydrogen and _____ bonds.
    disulfide
  7. The process of splitting and digesting macromolecules into their subunits would require:
    Hydrolase enzymes
  8. The organelle which contains the enzymes which digest substances brought in by the cell is:
    Lysosome
  9. The organelle which detoxifies substances and metabolizes carbohydrates is:
    Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
  10. The organelle which produces lysosomes and other types of vesicles is the:
    Golgi apparatus
  11. The term "complementarity" used in Anatomy and Physiology refers to the deterministic relationship between:
    Structure and function in body tissues, organs, and systems.
  12. Organs are groupings composed of _____ which work together.
    Tissues
  13. The hierarchy organization which produces body systems results in _____ specialization.
    increasing
  14. Which of the following is NOT one of the basic tissue types into which all other tissues fall:
    loose
  15. Which of the following is NOT considered a macromolecule:
    carbon dioxide
  16. The organelle which produces proteins for secretion is the:
    Rough endoplasmic reticulum
  17. What cells of the body would be expected to possess many lysosomes?
    White blood cells engaging in phagocytosis.
  18. In which of the following is one end of the molecule polar and the other end non-polar?
    Answers one and two only.
  19. Hydrophobic groups are always oriented:
    Both answers 2 and 4 are correct.
  20. Pinocytosis is:
    Both answers 2 and 3.
  21. The unit membrane consists of:
    Phospholipids with embedded and attached proteins.
  22. Which type of cell junction is important in preventing cells from tearing apart from one another when subjected to stress?
    Desmosome
  23. Substances can diffuse through the plasma membrane nearly at will if they are:
    Lipid soluble
  24. Microtubules are present in all EXCEPT:
    Desmosomes
  25. Protein channels are important in the transport of substances through the plasma membrane which are:
    Water soluble
  26. Which of the following is important in thermoregulation?
    eccrine sweat glands
  27. Which of the following forms the structure of the intervertebral disks?
    fibrocartilage
  28. When a tissue experiences parenchymal repair the new tissue _____ produce the tissue's orignal function
    does
  29. The stroma of the body's soft organs is made of:
    reticular tissue
  30. The stroma of the lungs contains _____ which permits its expansion and recoil.
    elastic connective tissue
  31. Which tissue is important in being an insulator and shock absorber for the organs?
    Adipose tissue
  32. Which of the following tissues is well vascularized and will normally repair itself well?
    Answers 1 and 2, but not 3.
  33. All epithelial cells have:
    an attached basement membrane
  34. The predominant fibers in dense regular connective tissue are:
    inelastic collagen fibers
  35. gap junction
    Allows ions to pass between cells.
  36. tight junction
    Called the zona occludens because it blocks passage of substances between cells.
  37. desmosome
    Called macula adherens because they are like spot welds which adhere cells together.
  38. keratin filaments
    fibers which hold cells together laterally
  39. hemidesmosome
    adheres cells to the basement membrane
  40. The most agressive and dangerous skin cancer is:
    malignant melanoma
  41. areolar
    The most abundant connective tissue
  42. p.c.c.e.
    The the most abundant lining in the respiratory tract
  43. dense regular
    Tendons are made of this type
  44. dense irregular
    Comprises the deep dermis
  45. transitional
    epithelium
  46. Which of the following is a non-movable synarthrosis?
    Both answer 1 and 2 are correct.
  47. The intervertebral disks are composed of:
    fibrocartilage
  48. The intervertebral disks are found in what type of joint, classified by movement?
    amphiarthrosis
  49. The type of arthritis which begins with damage to articular cartilage from stress or injury is called:
    osteoarthritis
  50. The _____ are intracapsular ligaments which help to prevent
    anteroposterior (back and forth) displacement and twisting of the knee.
    anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments
  51. The distal epiphyseal plate of long bones hardens at:
    early twenties
  52. Collagen fibers which run from the fibrous bone covering into the bone itself are called:
    Sharpey's fibers
  53. The first location of ossification in long bones is the:
    diaphysis bone collar
  54. Ossification begins with _____ in the long bones.
    hyaline cartilage
  55. In senile (age related) osteoporosis there is a lack of sufficient:
    Vitamin D3
  56. Both cartilage and bone possess:
    lacunae
  57. The spaces in spongy bone are initially filled with:
    red marrow
  58. The pulley-shaped process on the humerus which articulates with the ulna is the:
    trochlea
  59. The first cervical vertebra is called the:
    atlas
  60. Which of the following is necessary for calcium absorption from the gut.
    D3
  61. the myeloid tissue responsible for hematopoiesis is found
    in the:
    red marrow
  62. osteoclasts are stimulated by:
    parathyroid hormone
  63. The socket for the arm is called the:
    glenoid fossa
  64. The cell which initiates the process of remodeling in adult bone:
    osteoclast
  65. The primary hormone for calcium homeostasis is:
    parathyroid hormone
  66. Once completely hardened, bone forming cells must come from the _____ for bone repair.
    periosteum
  67. Lack of _____ produces post-menopausal osteoporosis.
    estrogen
  68. Almost all growth of the _____ occurs by 2 years of age.
    cranial bones
  69. Cranial bones start out as a:
    fibrous connective tissue membrane
  70. The last part of a long bone to harden is the:
    epiphyseal plate
  71. The term "complementarity" used in Anatomy and Physiology refers to the deterministic relationship between:
    Structure and function in body tissues, organs, and systems.
  72. What cells of the body would be expected to possess many lysosomes?
    White blood cells engaging in phagocytosis.
  73. Hydrophobic groups are always oriented:
    Both answers 2 and 4 are correct.
  74. A process which requires rapid response will usually utilize:
    Positive feedback
  75. The hierarchy organization which produces body systems results in _____ specialization.
    increasing
  76. The organelle which detoxifies substances and metabolizes carbohydrates is:
    Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
  77. The process of splitting and digesting macromolecules into their subunits would require:
    Hydrolase enzymes
  78. The organelle which produces lysosomes and other types of vesicles is the:
    Golgi apparatus
  79. Which of the following is NOT considered a macromolecule:
    carbon dioxide
  80. Protein channels are important in the transport of substances through the plasma membrane which are
    Water soluble
  81. In order for a regulatory process to be self controled it must utilize
    Negative feedback
  82. All true diarthrotic joints have a joint capsule composed of:
    synovial membrane
  83. A sack made of synovial membrane which lies between tendons, ligaments, and nearby bones is called
    a bursa
  84. The type of arthritis which begins with damage to articular cartilage from stress or injury is called
    osteoarthritis
  85. Which of the following tissues is well vascularized and will normally repair itself well?
    nswers 1 and 2, but not 3.
  86. Which of the following is important in thermoregulation
    eccrine sweat glands
  87. The stroma of the body's soft organs is made of:
    reticular tissue
  88. All ribs articulate with the
    thoracic vertebrae
  89. Which of the following are part of the hip (coxal) bone?
    All except the coxyx
  90. The cell derived from osteoprogenitor cels which produces ossification is the:
    osteoblast
  91. The distal epiphyseal plate of long bones hardens at
    early twenties
  92. There are _____ pair of ribs.
    12
  93. Ossification begins with _____ in the long bones
    hyaline cartilage
  94. Once completely hardened, bone forming cells must come from the _____ for bone repair.
    periosteum
  95. osteoclasts are stimulated by
    parathyroid hormone
  96. The large anterior fontanel hardens at:
    1.5 to 2 years after birth
  97. Spongy bone lacks:
    Haversian systems
  98. Collagen fibers which run from the fibrous bone covering into the bone itself are called:
    Sharpey's fibers
  99. The first step in bone repair is the formation of a
    hematoma
  100. the myeloid tissue responsible for hematopoiesis is found in the:
    red marrow

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