Nutrition

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Author:
pntaub
ID:
182204
Filename:
Nutrition
Updated:
2012-11-07 19:28:04
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Chapter 11 Toddler Preschooler Nutrition conditions interventions
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Nutrition through the life course 4th ed.
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  1. children with special health care needs
    a general term for infants and children with, or at risk for, physical medical conditions from gentic or metabolic disorders, birth defects, premature births, trauma, infection, or prenatal exposure to drugs
  2. chronic condition
    disorder of health or development that is the usual state for an individual and unlikely to change, although secondary conditions may result over time
  3. pulmonary
    related to the lungs and their movement of air for exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen
  4. early intervention services
    federally mandated evaluation and therapy services for children in the age range from birth to 3 years under the Individual with Disabilities Education Act
  5. cystic fibrosis
    condition in which a genetically changed chromosome 7 interferes with all the exocrine functions in the body, but particularly pulmonary complications, causing chronic illness
  6. diplegia
    condition in which the part of the brain controlling movement of the legs is damaged, interfering with muscle control and ambulation
  7. pediatric AIDS
    acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in which infection-fighting abilities of the body are destroyed by a virus
  8. bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)
    condition in which the underdeveloped lungs in a preterm infant are damaged so that breathing requires extra effort
  9. rett syndrome
    condition in which a genetic change on the X chromosome results in severe neurological delays, causing children to be short, thin-appearing, and unable to talk
  10. meningitis
    viral or bacterial infection in the CNS that is likely to cause a range of long term consequences in infancy, such as mental retardation, blindness, and hearing loss
  11. ADHD
    condition characterized by low impulse control and short attention span, with and without a high level of overall activity
  12. neuromuscular disorders
    conditions of the nervous system characterized by difficulty with boluntary or involuntary control of muscle movement
  13. hypotonia
    condition characterized by low muscle tone, floppiness, or muscle weakness
  14. hypertonia
    condition characterized by high muscle tone, stiffness or spasticity
  15. gastrostomy
    form of enteral nutrition suppost for delivering nutrition by tube directly into the stomach, bypassing the mouth through a surgical procedure that creates an opening through the abdominal wall and stomach
  16. medical neglect
    failure of parents or caretaker to seek, obtain, and follow through with a complete diagnostic study or medical, dental, or mental health treatment for a health problem, symptom, or condition that, if untreated, could become severe enough to present a danger to the child
  17. spastic quadriplegia
    a form of cerebral palsy in which brain damage interferes with voluntary muscle control in both arms and legs
  18. asthma
    condition in which the lungs are unable to exchange air due to lack of expansion of air sacs. It can result in a chronic illness and sometimes unconsciousness and death if not treated
  19. work of breathing (WOB)
    a common term used to express extra respiratory effort in a variety of pulmonary conditions
  20. mental retardation
    substantially below average intelligence and problems in adapting to the environment, which emerge before age 18
  21. anaphylaxis
    sudden onset of a reaction with mild to severe symptoms, including a decrease in ability to breathe, which may be severe enough to cause a coma
  22. early intervention services are based on:
    developmental delays in one or more of the following areas: cognitive, physical, language and speech, psychosocial, or self-help skills

    physical or mental condition with a high chance of delay

    at risk medically or environmentally for substantial developmental delay if services are not provided
  23. estimated disabilities range for children
    5-31%
  24. conditions that need high calories
    cystic fibrosis

    renal disease

    ambulatory children with diplegia

    pediatric AIDS

    bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)
  25. conditions that need low calories
    down syndrome

    spina bifida

    nonambulatory children with diplegia

    prader-willi syndrome

    nonambulatory children with short stature
  26. failure to thrive (FTT)
    inadequate weight/height gain with growth declines more than 2 growth percentiles
  27. Possible causes of FTT
    digestive problems such as gastrointestinal reflux or celiac disease

    asthma or breathing problems

    neurological condition like seizures

    pediatric AIDS

    other medical and environmental factors
  28. toddler diarrhea
    condition in which healthy growing children have diarrhea very often but there is no intestinal damage and blood levels are normal with no FTT or weight loss
  29. dietary cause of toddler diarrhea
    excessive intake of juices that contain sucrose or sorbitol
  30. celiac disease
    occurs in people who are sensitive to gluten, a component of wheat, rye, and barley

    mostly prevelent in middle eastern or irish ancestry
  31. restricted food for people with celiac disease
    anything made from flour (bread and pasta), or with wheat, rye, and barley as additive
  32. allowed food for people with celiac disease
    • rice
    • soy
    • cornĀ 
    • potato flour
    • oats (not much recommended due to contamination with gluten from wheat)
  33. conditions of food for spastic quadriplegia
    • meal pattern needs to be small, frequent meals, and snacks to avoid tiredness during meals
    • recommended foods are easy to chew, with small portions
  34. true food allergies
    • are protein allergy
    • estimated in 2-8% of children
  35. food allergies that may cause anaphylaxis
    • milk
    • eggs
    • wheat
    • peanuts
    • walnuts
    • soy
    • fish
    • (all of these are allergies due to their high protein)

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