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What are the Components of the Nursing Process?
The term diagnosing refers to the reasoning process, but what is the meaning of diagnosis?
- A statement or conclusion regarding the nature of a phenomenon.
- Diagnosing: Analyze date, Identify health problems, risks, and strenghts, Formulate Diagnostic statements
The purpose of North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA) is defined as:
The purose of NANDA is to define, refine, and promote a taxonomy of nursing dianostic terminology of general use to professtional nurses
A ______ is a classification system or set of categories arranged based on a single principle or set of principles.
The five types of nursing diagnoses are actual, risk, wellness, possible, and syndrome. What does each diagnosis mean?
- 1. Actual Diagnosis: A client problem that is present at the time of the nursing assessment. Eamples;ineffective breathing patterns and anxiety.
- 2. Risk Nursing Diagnosis: A clinical judgment that a problem does not exist, but the presence of risk factors indicate that a problem is likely to develop unless nurses intervine. Example; people admitted to a hospital have possibility of getting an infecton, client with a compromised immune system are at higher risk than others
- 3. Wellness Diagnosis: "Describes human responses to levels of wellness in an individual, family or community that have a readiness for enhancement." Example;readiness for enhanced family processess/ enhanced spiritual well-being
- 4. Possible Nursing Dianosis: One in which evidence about a health problem is incomplete or unclear. Example; an elderly widow who lives alone is admitted to the hospital, she has no visitors and is pleased with attention and conversation from the nursing staff. Nurse may write a nursing diagnosis of Possible Isolation related to unknown etology.
- 5. Syndrome Diagnosis: A diagnosis that is associated with a cluster of oter diagnoses. Example; risk for disuse syndrome may be experienced by long-term bedridden clients.
What are the three components of nursing diagosis and there definition?
- 1. Problem: The problem statement describes the client's health problem or response for which nursing therapy is given. Describes the health status clearly in a few words. Purpose is to direct the formation of clients goals and desired outcomes.
- 2. Etology: The etiology component of a nursing diagosis identifies one or more probable causes of the health problem, gives direction to the required nursing therapy, and enables the nurse to individualize the client's care.
- 3. Defining Characteristics: are the cluster of signs and symptoms that indicate the presence of a particular diagnostic label. The client's signs and symptoms for actual nursing diagnoses. The factors that cause the client to be more vulerable to the problem form the etiology of a risk nursing diagnosis.
Differentiating Nursing Diagnoses from Medical Diagnoses
A nursing diagnosis is a statement of nursing judgment and refers to a condition that nurses, by virtue or their education, experience, and expertise, are licensed to treat. A medical diagnosis is made by a physician and refers to a condition that only a physician can treat.
Dirrerentiating Nursing Diagnoses from Collaborative Problems
A collaborative problem is a type of potential problem that nurses manage using both independent and physician-prescribed intervention.