Health 21 Chapter 16

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Health 21 Chapter 16
2012-11-15 03:10:01
Health 21 foot hill

Test #2 chapter 16
Show Answers:

  1. A disease causing organism is called at what?
    a. vector
    b. host
    c. pathogen
    d. lymphoid
  2. What is a host?
    a. the vehicle that carries the pathogen
    b. a person or population that comes in contact with a pathogen
    c. a person who has a party for friends and family
    d. the intermediate resevoir where the pathogen lives
    A person or population that comes in contact with a pathogen
  3. A biological or physical vehicle that carries an agent to a host describes a what?
    a. vector
    b. host
    c. pathogen
    d. lymphocyte
    A vector
  4. The tiniest and toughest pathogens are what?
    a. bacteria
    b. heminthes
    c. protozoa
    d. viruses
  5. Which of the following viruses lives permanently in the cells and flares up periodically?
    a. adenoviruses
    b. herpes viruses
    c. papilloma viruses
    d. filoviruses
    herpes viruses
  6. Which virus may be a contrututing factor in the development of cervical cancer?
    a. adenoviruses
    b. herpes viruses
    c. papilloma viruses
    d. slow viruses
    papilloma viruses
  7. Huma immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is considered which type of virus?
    a. retrovirus
    b. slow virus
    c. herpes virus
    d. filovirus
  8. Which of the following statements about the treatment of viruses is not true?
    a. antibiotics have not effect on viruses
    b. it is difficult to find drugs that will kill a virus and not your cell
    c. antiviral drugs can completely eradicate viral infections
    d. antiviral drugs are most effective when taken before an infection develops
    antiviral drugs can completely eradicate viral infections
  9. Simple one-celled organisms that are the most powerful pathogens are what?
    a. bacteria
    b. viruses
    c. fungi
    d. protozoa
  10. Which of the following is not a bacteria disease?
    a. tetanus
    b. herpes simplex
    c. gonorrhea
    d. scarlet fever
    herpes simplex
  11. Organisms that lack chlorophyll and consist of reproductive spores and threadlike fibers represent what?
    a. bacteria
    b. fungi
    c. heminthes
    d. viruses
  12. Since fungal infections are of a certain type of microorganism, areas o fhte that can be infected include all but which of the following?
    a. stomach
    b. scalp
    c. groin
    d. toes and feet
  13. Simgle-celled microscopic animals that realease enzymes or toxing that destroy cells are called what?
    a. helminthes
    b. fungi
    c. protozoa
    d. viruses
  14. Protozoal infection may lead to ht edevelopmen t of all the following conditions except?
    a. giardiasis
    b. smallpox
    c. amoebic dysentery
    d. malaria
    small pox
  15. Small parasitic worms that attack specific tissues or organs are known as what?
    a. viruses
    b. fungi
    c. protozoa
    d. helminthes
  16. All of the following are major forms of disease transmission except?
    a. plants
    b. water
    c. food
    d. animals
  17. All of the following diseases are primarily spread by animals or insects except?
    a. yellow fever
    b. lyme disease
    c. AIDS
    d. malaria
  18. The time between a pathogen invasion and the development of the first symptoms is called the what?
    a. primary infection
    b. incubation period
    c. prodromal period
    d. recovery period
    incubation period
  19. During which stage of the infection process is an individual highly contagious?
    a. initial exposer
    b. incubation period
    c. prodromal period
    d. recovery period
    prodromal period
  20. All of the following groups are among the most vulnerable to infectious illnesses except?
    a. smokers
    b. children
    c. those who use alcohol
    d. the elderly
    those who use alcohol
  21. what is the function of human lymphatic system?
    a. destroys viruses that invade the body
    b. filter out impurities from the body
    c. provides immunity against disease
    d. develops the immune system
    It filters out impurities from the body
  22. Which of the following are small cell masses where protective cells are stored?
    a. macrophages
    b. lymph nodes
    c. abscesses
    d. passive cells
    lymph nodes
  23. Any substance that the white blood cells recognize as foreign is known as what?
    a. antigen
    b. gomma globulin
    c. B cell
    d. lymph nodes
  24. Immunity produced by the injection of gamma globulin is known as what?
    a. active immunity
    b. cell-mediated immunity
    c. passive immunity
    d. clinical immunity
    passive immunity
  25. Hypersensitivity to a substance in one's diet or environment is called what?
    a. allergy
    b. asthma attack
    c. cytokine reaction
    d. antigen
  26. When the immune system fails to recognize its own body tissue and begins to attack it, it is known as what?
    a. immunity deficiency
    b. allergy
    c. autoimmune disorder
    d. alarm reaction
    autoimmune disorder
  27. Which of the following is not a vaccine recommended for college students?
    b. zoster
    c. Tdap vaccine
    d. polio vaccine
  28. All of the following are effective strategies for preventing the common cold, except?
    a. avoid stress overload
    b. take mega doses of vitamins
    c. frequently was hands
    d. replace toothbrush regularly
    take mega doses of vitamins
  29. an annual flu shot is recommended for?
    a. everyone older 6 months
    b. children 10-15 years old
    c. adult 18-65 years old
    d. adult 65 and older
    everyone older than 6 months
  30. what is H1N1?
    a. is an influenza type-A virus
    b. is commonly knows as "bird flu"
    c. had no known vaccine
    d. tagets young adults
    an influenza type-A virus
  31. The hallmark symptoms of meningitis include all of the following except?
    a. neck stiffness
    b. headchace
    c. fever
    d. blurry vision
    blurry vision
  32. who should not get vaccinated for meningitis?
    a. military women
    b. pregnant women
    c. all children when they turn 11 or 12 years old
    d. college freshmen living in dorms
    Pregnant women
  33. a pandemic refers to  what?
    a. sudden rise in a disease
    b. larger then usual number of individuals becoming ill
    c. disease outbreak that is only viral in nature
    d. wide distribution over several or many countries
    sudden rise in a disease
  34. for which type of hepatitis is there no vaccine available?
    a. hepatitis A
    b. hepatitis B
    c. hepatitis C
    d. hepatitis delta
    hepatitis C
  35. does Chronic fatigue syndrome have a cure?
    a. affects men more than women
    b. is characterized by intense headaches and blurry vision
    c. has no known cure
    d. improves with bed rest
    no- there are no known cures
  36. a type of sking infection spread by direct skin-to-skin contact is what?
    a. mononucleosis
    b. tuberculosis
    c. herpes glodiatorum
    d. toxic shock syndrom
    herpes gladiatorum
  37. all of the following are true statements concerning mononucleosis except?
    a. a blood test can determine if an individual has mononucleosis
    b. symptoms of mono include sore throat, headache, and fever
    c. major symptoms of mono may last three weeks
    d. mononucleosis is most common among the elderly
    mononucleosis is most common amoung the elderly
  38. strep throat can be treated with what?
    a. can be treated with antibiotics
    b. is caused by the hepatitis A virus
    c. can take to three days to diagnose
    d. is a trivial threat
  39. toxic shock syndrome has been assiciated witht the use of what?
    a. condoms
    b. a diaphragm
    c. high-absorbency tampons
    d. the cervical cap
    high-absorbency tampons
  40. the bacterium becoming most resistant to antibiotic treatments, such as penicillin, is known as what?
    a. staphylococcus aureus
    b. clostridium perfringens
    c. strep A
    d. herpes zoster
  41. Who is not at high risk for contracting MRSA?
    a. people who were recently vaccinated for the flu
    b. elderly indivuduals
    c. newborn babies
    d. athletes who participate in contact sports
    people who were recently vaccinated for the flu
  42. A bacterial infection called lyme disease is spread by what?
    a. raccoons
    b. ticks
    c. mosquitoes
    d. dogs
  43. which biological agent is not considered by terrorist for the mass destruction of people?
    a. anthrax
    b. botulism
    c. smallpox
    d. herpes
  44. all of the following are common viginal infections except?
    a. staphulococcus aureus
    b. candidiasis
    c. baterial vaginosis
    d. trichomoniasis
    Staphylococcus aureus
  45. all of the following may contribute to urinary tract infections except?
    a. pregnancy
    b tight clothing
    c. bike riding
    d. taking bubble baths
    tight clothing