APGOV Supreme Court Cases

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APGOV Supreme Court Cases
2012-11-07 17:05:41
APGOV Supreme Court Cases

APGOV Supreme Court Cases
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  1. Defined obscene (appeals to prurient interest, patently offensive, lacking in value)
    Miller v. California
  2. Obscenity is not part of protected speech
    Roth v. U.S.
  3. 1st Amendment protects newspapers from censorship (prior restraint)
    Near V. Minnesota
  4. Gov't can limit speech if provokes danger of substantial evils
    Schenck v. U.S
  5. Gov'ts that permit other forms of killing animals can't ban sacrifices or ritual killings. Court found no state interest that justified the abridgment of the freedom of religion.
    Church of Babalu v. Hialeah
  6. Denied tax exemptions to religious schools that discriminate on basis of race. Won't permit religious freedom to be an excuse for behavior.
    Bob Jones university v. U.S. 
  7. No moment of silence because trying to return prayer to schools.
    Wallace v. Jaffree
  8. NY state had gone too far in favoring religion when it created a public school district for  the benefit of a village of Hasidic Jews
    Kiryas Joel v. Grumet
  9. Freedoms of press and speech are fundamental personal rights and liberties protected by the due process clasue of the 14th amendment from impairment by states and federal government
    Gitlow v. New York
  10. Bill of Rights restrains only the national gov't, not the states and cities
    Barron v. Baltimore
  11. State laws interfering with, but not specifically aimed at religion are constitutional
    Employment Division v. Smith
  12. State officials violated the 1st Amendment when they wrote a prayer to be recited by NY's schoolchildren. State = neutrality with religion
    Engel v. Vitale
  13. Public school systems could send teachers into parochial schools to teach remedial and supplemental classes to needy children
    Agostini v. Felton
  14. Religious freedom took precedence over compulsory education laws - Amish parents can take out children after 8th grade.
    Wisconsin v. Yoder
  15. Aid to church-related schools must: 1)have a secular legislative purpose. 2) have a primary effect that neither advances/inhibits religion. 3) not foster excessive gov't entanglement with religion
    Lemon v. Kurtzman
  16. A high school newspaper was not a public forum and could be regulated by school officials
    Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier