Health Chp. 10 Vocab

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hdong135
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182374
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Health Chp. 10 Vocab
Updated:
2012-11-07 20:18:22
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Health
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Health Chp. 10 Vocab
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  1. nutrition
    The process by which your body takes in and uses food
  2. nutrients
    Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply you with energy
  3. calorie
    A unit of heat used to measure the energy that your body uses and the energy it receives from food
  4. hunger
    The natural physical drive to eat, prompted by the body's need for food
  5. appetite
    The psychological desire for food
  6. carbohydrates
    Starches and sugars found in foods, which provide your body's main source of energy
  7. fiber
    A tough complex carbohydrate that the body cannot digest
  8. proteins
    Nutrients the body uses to build and maintain its cells and tissues
  9. cholesterol
    A waxy, fatlike substance
  10. vitamins
    Compounds found in food that help regulate many body processes
  11. minerals
    Elements found in food that are used by the body
  12. osteoporosis
    A condition in which the bones become fragile and break easily
  13. Dietary Guidelines for Americans
    A set of recommendations about smart eating and physical activity for all Americans
  14. MyPyramid
    An interactive guide to healthful eating and active living
  15. nutrient-dense
    A high ratio of nutrients to calories
  16. food additives
    Substances added to a food to produce a desired effect
  17. foodborne illness
    Food poisoning
  18. pasteurization
    Treating a substance with heat to kill or slow the growth of pathogens
  19. cross-contamination
    The spreading of pathogens from one food to another
  20. food allergy
    A condition in which the body's immune system reacts to substances in some foods
  21. food intolerance
    A negative reaction to food that doesn't involve the immune system

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