Chapter 9, 6, 12 medical terminology .txt
Card Set Information
Chapter 9, 6, 12 medical terminology .txt
Digestive system, musculoskeletal system, and integumentary system
The process of providing nutrition for the body
Nutrients are used for growth
The digestive system accomplishes its role through the following:
The activities in the human begin with this
It comes after ingestion. It is the mechanical and chemical conversion of food into substances that can eventually be absorbed by cells
The process in which the digested food molecules pass through the lining of the small intestine into the blood or lymph capillaries
The final activity. It is the removal of undigested food particles.
The elimination of wastes through the anus in the form of feces
Down; from; reversing; or removing
Anus or rectum
A disorder that results from a resistance to or lack of insulin is........
The term for increased glucose in the blood is.....
The term for excessive urination is.......
The term for excessive thirst is.......
Glucose in the urine is called.......
A type of diabetes that sometimes occurs first during pregnancy is called.........
Gestational diabetes mellitus
Less than the normal amount of sugar in the blood is called.......
Hyperlipidemia is an increased amount of __________________ in the blood
Excessive vomiting is..........
Excessive leanness is.........
A disorder characterized by prolonged refusal to eat is............
Binge eating often terminating in self-induced vomiting is...........
The upper portion of the stomach slides up and down through the opening in the diaphragm
The musculoskeletal system provides.........
protection, support, and movement for the body
The formation of blood or blood cells in the body
In addition to support and movement; the bones function in..........
The formation of blood cells; storage of fat in the bone marrow; and storage and release of minerals; especially calcium
Down; from; or reversing
Change or next in the series
Voluntary, or skeletal, muscle
The type that is attached to bone and is controlled by the conscious part of the brain to produce movement. Under the microscope
Visceral muscle; also called smooth muscle
Located in the walls of hollow internal structures; is involuntary; and lacks striations
Involuntary but striated
Acute inflammation of deep subcutaneous tissues
Infection of bone and bone marrow
Inflammation of bone and cartilage
Malignant tumor composed of cartilage
Malignant tumor containing fibrous tissue
Disease characterized by unrestrained WBC growth
Abnormal loss of bone density and bone deterioration
Abnormal mineralization and softening of bone
The mechanical breakdown of food is accomplished by..........
The three major classes of nutrients.........
Carbohydrates; proteins; and lipids (fats)
The basic source of energy for human cells; include sugars and starches
The chemical breakdown of nutrients into simpler substances
Breaks down lactose
The eventual product of the digestion of sugars as well as starches. A simple sugar that is the major source of energy for the body
The enzyme that breaks down starch
The effective enzyme that breaks down protein
The effective enzyme that breaks down a lipid (fat)
Serve as an energy source
Pulling a broken bone into alignment without surgery
Surgery using pins or other materials to immobilize a broken bone
Surgically exposing and aligning a broken bone
Excision of a bone
The most rigid connective tissue
Fluid-filled sac that helps reduce friction
Provides protection and support for a joint
Place of union between two or more bones
Connects bones or cartilages
Fluid-secreting tissue lining the joint
Strong; fibrous tissue that attaches muscles to bones
Chemical breakdown begins in the _______________ and is completed in the ____________.
The skin is the external covering and is called the........
The skin protects the underlying tissues from drying out; harmful light rays; and invasion of ___________________.
Skin structures called ____________________ receive stimuli from the environment
The sweat glands help control body temperature and excrete water and ___________________.
Thicker layer of skin
Thin outer layer of skin
Subcutaneous adipose tissue
Composed of fat
Blister, larger than 1 cm
Sac filled with clear fluid
Cracklike lesion of the skin
discolored spot, not elevated
Solid elevation; less than 0.5 cm in diameter
Fluid-filled sac containing pus
Blister; smaller than 1 cm