Chapter 9, 6, 12 medical terminology .txt

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nickster159
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182386
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Chapter 9, 6, 12 medical terminology .txt
Updated:
2012-11-07 21:08:05
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medical terminology
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Digestive system, musculoskeletal system, and integumentary system
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  1. Alimentation
    The process of providing nutrition for the body
  2. Metabolism
    Nutrients are used for growth
  3. The digestive system accomplishes its role through the following:
    Ingestion
  4. Ingestion
    The activities in the human begin with this
  5. Digestion
    It comes after ingestion. It is the mechanical and chemical conversion of food into substances that can eventually be absorbed by cells
  6. Absorption
    The process in which the digested food molecules pass through the lining of the small intestine into the blood or lymph capillaries
  7. Elimination
    The final activity. It is the removal of undigested food particles.
  8. Defecation
    The elimination of wastes through the anus in the form of feces
  9. bil/i,    chol/e
    Bile
  10. de-
    Down; from; reversing; or removing
  11. Cirrh/o
    Orange-yellow
  12. Glycos/o
    Sugar
  13. -orexia
    Appetite
  14. -pepsia
    Digestion
  15. Viscer/o
    Viscera
  16. Cheil/o
    Lips
  17. Enter/o
    Intestines
  18. Gastr/o
    Stomach
  19. Gingiv/o
    Gums
  20. Gloss/o,     lingu/o
    Tongue
  21. Odont/o
    Teeth
  22. Proct/o
    Anus or rectum
  23. A disorder that results from a resistance to or lack of insulin is........
    Diabetes mellitus
  24. The term for increased glucose in the blood is.....
    Hyperglycemia
  25. The term for excessive urination is.......
    Polyuria
  26. The term for excessive thirst is.......
    Polydipsia
  27. Glucose in the urine is called.......
    Glycosuria
  28. A type of diabetes that sometimes occurs first during pregnancy is called.........
    Gestational diabetes mellitus
  29. Less than the normal amount of sugar in the blood is called.......
    Hypoglycemia
  30. Hyperlipidemia is an increased amount of __________________ in the blood
    Lipids (fats)
  31. Excessive vomiting is..........
    Hyperemesis
  32. Excessive leanness is.........
    Emaciation
  33. A disorder characterized by prolonged refusal to eat is............
    Anorexia nervosa
  34. Binge eating often terminating in self-induced vomiting is...........
    bulimia
  35. -al,    -ic
    Pertaining to
  36. Esophag/o
    Esophagus
  37. Gastr/o
    Stomach
  38. Thorac/o
    Thorax (chest)
  39. Hiatal hernia
    The upper portion of the stomach slides up and down through the opening in the diaphragm
  40. The musculoskeletal system provides.........
    protection, support, and movement for the body
  41. Hematopoiesis
    The formation of blood or blood cells in the body
  42. In addition to support and movement; the bones function in..........
    The formation of blood cells; storage of fat in the bone marrow; and storage and release of minerals; especially calcium
  43. Hemat/o
    Blood
  44. -poiesis
    Production
  45. Ankyl/o
    stiff
  46. Arthr/o
    Joint
  47. -asthenia
    Weakness
  48. Chondr/o
    Cartilage
  49. De-
    Down; from; or reversing
  50. Meta-
    Change or next in the series
  51. Voluntary, or skeletal, muscle
    The type that is attached to bone and is controlled by the conscious part of the brain to produce movement. Under the microscope
  52. Visceral muscle; also called smooth muscle
    Located in the walls of hollow internal structures; is involuntary; and lacks striations
  53. Cardiac muscle
    Involuntary but striated
  54. Acute inflammation of deep subcutaneous tissues
    Cellulitis
  55. Infection of bone and bone marrow
    Osteomyelitis
  56. Inflammation of bone and cartilage
    Osteochondritis
  57. Malignant tumor composed of cartilage
    Chondrosarcoma
  58. Malignant tumor containing fibrous tissue
    Fibrosarcoma
  59. Disease characterized by unrestrained WBC growth
    Leukemia
  60. Abnormal loss of bone density and bone deterioration
    Osteoporosis
  61. Abnormal mineralization and softening of bone
    Osteomalacia
  62. The mechanical breakdown of food is accomplished by..........
    Chewing
  63. The three major classes of nutrients.........
    Carbohydrates; proteins; and lipids (fats)
  64. Carbohydrates
    The basic source of energy for human cells; include sugars and starches
  65. Enzymes
    The chemical breakdown of nutrients into simpler substances
  66. -ose
    Sugar
  67. -ase
    Enzymes
  68. Lactase
    Breaks down lactose
  69. Glucose
    The eventual product of the digestion of sugars as well as starches. A simple sugar that is the major source of energy for the body
  70. Amylase
    The enzyme that breaks down starch
  71. Protease proteinase
    The effective enzyme that breaks down protein
  72. Lipase
    The effective enzyme that breaks down a lipid (fat)
  73. Lipids
    Serve as an energy source
  74. Closed reduction
    Pulling a broken bone into alignment without surgery
  75. Internal fixation
    Surgery using pins or other materials to immobilize a broken bone
  76. Open reduction
    Surgically exposing and aligning a broken bone
  77. Ostectomy
    Excision of a bone
  78. Bone
    The most rigid connective tissue
  79. Bursa
    Fluid-filled sac that helps reduce friction
  80. Cartilage
    Provides protection and support for a joint
  81. Joint
    Place of union between two or more bones
  82. Ligament
    Connects bones or cartilages
  83. Synovial membrane
    Fluid-secreting tissue lining the joint
  84. Tendon
    Strong; fibrous tissue that attaches muscles to bones
  85. Chemical breakdown begins in the _______________ and is completed in the ____________.
    Mouth; stomach
  86. The skin is the external covering and is called the........
    Integument
  87. The skin protects the underlying tissues from drying out; harmful light rays; and invasion of ___________________.
    Microbes (microorganisms)
  88. Skin structures called ____________________ receive stimuli from the environment
    Receptors
  89. The sweat glands help control body temperature and excrete water and ___________________.
    Salts
  90. Dermis
    Thicker layer of skin
  91. Epidermis
    Thin outer layer of skin
  92. Subcutaneous adipose tissue
    Composed of fat
  93. Bulla
    Blister, larger than 1 cm
  94. Cyst
    Sac filled with clear fluid
  95. Fissure
    Cracklike lesion of the skin
  96. Macule
    discolored spot, not elevated
  97. Papule
    Solid elevation; less than 0.5 cm in diameter
  98. Pustule
    Fluid-filled sac containing pus
  99. Vesicle
    Blister; smaller than 1 cm

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