A commercial company founded with government backing to trade with the East and Southeast Asians. The Dutch, English, and French governments sponsored such companies starting in the early 17th century.
Fortified trading posts that Europeans established along the coast of (mostly west)Africa during the Age of Informal Empire.
The march of the Boers, beginning in 1836, into the northeastern interior of South Africa where they founded the so-called Boer Republics.
West African people found north of the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers in present-day Nigeria. Noted for their extensive trade networks and craft skill, they organized themselves in city-states.
The era in African history that lasted from the 1400s to about 1800s, when Europeans remained content to restrict their dealings with Africa primarily to trade.
A leader of a radical Sufi brotherhood in North Africa and the Sahara Desert.
Imamate, and later sultanate, located in southeastern Arabia.