Medical Terminology: Chapter 14

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auntlilly
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182520
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Medical Terminology: Chapter 14
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2012-11-08 14:03:23
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Chapter 14
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Medical Terms for Chapter 14, musculoskeletal system
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  1. What are the functions of the muscular system
    Movement, posture, joint stability, heat prodution
  2. Diaphysis
    Shaft of the long bones
  3. Epiphysis
    ends of the long bone
  4. bone marrow
    material found in the cavities of bones
  5. Red marrow
    thick, bloodlike material found in flat bones and the ends of long bones
  6. Yellow marrow
    soft, fatty material found in the medullary cavity of long bones
  7. Cranium
    skull
  8. Maxilla
    upper jawbone
  9. Mandible
    lower jawbone
  10. Clavicle (2)
    collarbone
  11. Scapula
    shoulder blade
  12. acromion process
    extension of scapula, forms the highest point of the shoulder
  13. sternum
    breastbone
  14. xiphoid process
    lower portionof sternum
  15. ribs
    attach to sternum, some to vertebrae
  16. Cervical vertebrae
    forms the neck
  17. lumbar vertebae
    forms the inward curve of spine
  18. sacrum
    5 vertebrea which fuse together
  19. coccyx
    4 vertebrea fused together to form the tailbone
  20. lamina
    part of the verterbral arch
  21. carp/o
    carpals (wrist bones)
  22. clavic/o, clavicul/o
    clavicle (collarbone)
  23. cost/o
    rib
  24. crani/o
    cranum (skull)
  25. femor/o (spelling)
    femur (upper leg bone)
  26. fibul/o
    fibula (lower leg bone)
  27. humer/o
    humerus (upper arm bone)
  28. ili/o
    ilium
  29. ischi/o
    ischium
  30. lumb/o
    lumbar region of spine, loin
  31. mandibul/o
    mandible (lower jawbone)
  32. Maxill/o
    maxilla (upper jawbone)
  33. patell/o
    patella (kneecap)
  34. pelvi/o, pelv/o
    pelvis, pelvic bone
  35. phalang/o
    phalanges (fingers or toe bones)
  36. pub/o
    pubis
  37. rachi/o
    spine, verterbral column
  38. radi/o
    radius (lower arm bone)
  39. sacr/o
    sacrum
  40. scapul/o
    scapula (shoulder blade)
  41. spondyl/o
    verterra
  42. verterbr/o
    vertebra
  43. stern/o
    sternum (breastbone)
  44. tars/o
    tarsal (ankle bones)
  45. tibi/o
    tibia (lower leg bone)
  46. uln/o
    ulna (lower arm bone)
  47. aponeur/o
    aponeurosis
  48. arthr/o
    joint
  49. burs/o
    bursa (cavity)
  50. chondr/o
    cartilage
  51. disk/o
    intervertebral disk
  52. menisc/o
    meniscus
  53. synovi/o
    synovia, synovial membrane
  54. ten/o
    tendon
  55. tend/o
    tendon
  56. tendin/o
    tendon
  57. ankyl/o
    crooked, stiff, bend
  58. kinesi/o
    movement, motion
  59. kyph/o
    hump (increased convexity of the spine)
  60. lamin/o
    lamina (thin, flat plate or layer)
  61. lord/o
    bend forward (increased concavity of the spine)
  62. myel/o
    bone marrow
  63. my/o
    muscle
  64. myos/o
    muscle
  65. oste/o
    bone
  66. petr/o
    stone
  67. scoli/o
    crooked, curved
  68. inter-
    between
  69. supra-
    above
  70. sym-
    together, joined
  71. syn-
    together, joined
  72. -asthenia
    weakness
  73. -clasia
    brreak
  74. -clasis
    break
  75. -clast
    break
  76. -desis
    surgical fixation, fusion
  77. -physis
    growth
  78. -schisis (ski-sis)
    split, fissure
  79. ankylosing spondylitis
    form of arthritis, cause forward bend of spine
  80. bunion
    abnormal prominecnce of jioint at base of great toe
  81. carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)
    common nerve entrapment disorder of wrist caused by compression of median nerve
  82. Colles Fracture
    type of wrist fracture, distal end of radium
  83. Exostosis
    bone spur, abnormal growth on surface of bone
  84. fracture (fx)
    broken bone
  85. gout
    diseaes of excessive amount of uric acid in blood
  86. herniated disk
    rupture of intervertebral disk cartilage
  87. Lyme Disease
    infection caused by bacteria
  88. Muscular dystopphy (MD)
    group of herreditary disease, characterized by degeneration of muslce and weakness
  89. Myasthenia Gravis (MG)
    characterized by muscle weakness
  90. osteoporosis
    abnormal loss of bone density
  91. rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
    autoimmune inflammatory changes in connective tissue throughout the body
  92. spinal stenosis
    narrowing of spinal canal with compresion of nerve roots
  93. spondylisthesis
    forward slipping of one veterbra over another
  94. kyphosis
    humpback, hunchback
  95. lordosis
    swayback
  96. rachischisis
    spina bifida
  97. bunion
    hallux valgus
  98. herniated disk
    slipped disk, ruptured disk, herniated nucleus pulposus
  99. Diagnostic imaging
    arthrography
  100. Endoscopy
    arthroscopy
  101. chiropodist, podiatrist
    specialist in diagnosing and reating diseases and disorders of the foot
  102. chiropractic
    treament system where the vertebral column is maniuplated
  103. chriopractor
    specialist in chiropractic
  104. crepitus
    creakling sound of bone rubbing against bone
  105. orthopedics (ortho)
    deals with study and treamtment of disease and abnormalitites of the musculoskyletal system
  106. orthopeidst
    physician who speicalies in orthopeidcs
  107. Orthotics
    making and fitting orthopedic appliances to support, align, prevent or correct deformities
  108. orthotist
    person who specializes in orthotics
  109. osteoclast
    type of bone cell, works in balance with osteoblasts to maintain healthy bone tissue
  110. osteopath
    physician who specializes in osteopathy
  111. osteopathy
    system of medicine that places greater emphasis on the relation between body organs and the musculoskyletal system
  112. prosthesis
    artificial substitute for mising body part
  113. C1-C7
    cervical vertebrae
  114. CTS
    carpal tunnel syndrome
  115. EMG
    electromyogram
  116. fx
    fracture
  117. HNP
    herniated nucleus pulposus
  118. L1-L5
    lumbar veterbrae
  119. MD
    muscular dystrophy
  120. MG
    myasthenia gravis
  121. OA
    osteoarthritis
  122. ortho
    orthopdics
  123. RA
    rheumatoid arthritis
  124. T1-T12
    thoracic vetebrea
  125. THA
    total hip arthroplasty
  126. TKA
    total knee arthroplasty

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