Pharm exam 3 ID2

Card Set Information

Author:
jakeg
ID:
182598
Filename:
Pharm exam 3 ID2
Updated:
2012-11-08 22:19:01
Tags:
Infectious Disease
Folders:

Description:
Pharm exam 3 ID2 vocab
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user jakeg on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. AZO (Phenazopyridine)
    topical analgesic effect to mucosal lining of urinary tract. It does not kill bacteria, it is used to control symptoms of dysuria, frequency, & urgency assoc. w/ UTI. Use it only during the 1st 24-48 hrs of antibiotic tx (will turn urine reddish orange)
  2. Nitrofurantoin (Macrobid)
    • broad spectrum antibiotic bacteriostatic at common dose, bactericidal at higher dose.
    • uncomplicated lower UTI
  3. Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
    broad spectrum bactericidal agent effective v. G+ &- (UTIs)
  4. sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (Bactrim/Septra)
    • combo of intermediate acting sulfonamide (septra) & a synthetic anti-infective (Bactrim) effective against severely
    • crystal formations in kidneys, CBC & diff, >warfarin, dilantin, oral hypoglycemics, <2 mo old
  5. acyclovir (Zovirax)
    • synthetic nucleotide, interferes w/ DNA synth of Herpes I,II & zoster (inhibiting viral replication)
    • nephrotox-fever chills flank p. dysuria >freq & urg.
    • neuro- agitation, tremors
  6. oseltamivir & zanamivir
    • inhibits influenza A & B
    • oseltamivir=oral- NV
    • Zanamivir=inhalled- cough, throat irr
    • take w/in 48 hrs
  7. Flu shot contraindicators
    • serious chicken allergy
    • severe allergic reaction to influenza in past
    • gillian bear syndrome
    • moderate-severe illness w/ fever
  8. Isoniazid + Rifampin + Pyrazinamide + Ethambutol
    • four antibiotics recommended for treatment of active tuberculosis
    • hepatotoxicity- ALT AST
    • Ethambutol-color distortion, blurry vision
    • rifampin- discolored body fluid (red, orange)
  9. Isoniazid
    • Latent TB
    • 6 mo min, 9 mo recommended
  10. Reverse Transcriptase inhibitors
    • RTIs block reverse transcriptase's enzymatic function and prevent completion of synthesis of the double-stranded viral DNA, thus preventing HIV from multiplying.
    • AZT, Retrovir
  11. Protease Inhibitors
    • prevent viral replication by inhibiting the activity of proteases, e.g. HIV-1 protease, enzymes used by the viruses to cleave nascent proteins for final assembly of new virions.
    • Most effective
    • Kaletra
  12. Fusion Inhibitors
    • interferes with the binding, fusion and entry of an HIV virion to a human cell. By blocking this step in HIV's replication cycle, such agents slow the progression from HIV infection to AIDS
    • Fuzeon
  13. Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia
    • fungal like organism, potentially fatal
    • tx=Bactrim

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview