Infectious disease I categories
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drugs given to prevent infection (often used inappropriately). Approp. Uses; prior to surg., certain heart conditions, neutropenia, other (recurrent UTIs, STD contact, post- splenectomy, malaria for travelers, flu, etc)
a new (2nd) infection that emerges during tx of the primary inf. “super-infection”, often caused by disruption of normal flora, more common w/ broad-spectrum antibiotics, very difficult to tx (superbug)
initiation of therapy before direct id of the organism. Often used during life-threatening & community acquired infections
- Penicillins- end in "Cillin"
- Beta-lactamase inhibitors-"cillin" paired with another med.
- Cephalosporins- begin in "Ceph" or "Cef"
- Tetracyclines- end in "cycline"
- Macrolides- end in "thromycin"
- Aminoglycosides- end in "cin" *careful not to mix up w/"thromtcin"
- Sulfonamides- begin in "Sulf"
- Fluoroquinolones- have "floxa" in
- Clindamycin (cleomycin)
- Metronidazole (flagyl)
- Vancomycin (vancocin)
- Antibiotics 4 antibiotic resistant bacteria
- Amphotericin B-actual name
- Azoles- end in"azole"
- Superficial Infections:
- Terbinafine (lamasil)
Beta Lactamase Inhibitors Drugs
Antibiotics for antibiotic-resistant bacteria
- Linezolid (zyvox)
- Daptomycin (cubicin)
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