Chapter 15 Cards

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Chapter 15 Cards
2009-11-28 18:27:12
Diagnostic Procedures & Pharmacology

Medical Terminology
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  1. therm-
  2. -ia
    pertaining to
  3. auscult/a
  4. rale
    abnorminal rattle or crackle like resiratory sound heard during inspiration
  5. rhonchus
    wheezing - low-pitched, whistle like, or similar to snoring
  6. stridor
    abnormal high pitched harsh sound heard during inhalation from a partail blockage of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea
  7. bruit
    abnormal sound heard during auscultation of an artery
  8. recumbent
    any position in which the patient is lying down
  9. decubitus
    used to describe the patient lying in a recumbent position
  10. prone position
    patient lying on the belly with the face down
  11. horizontal recumbent position
    supine - patient lying on back with face up
  12. dorsal recumbent position
    patient lying on back with knees bent
  13. sims' position
    patient lying on the ledt side with the right knee and thigh drawn up and the left arm placed along the back
  14. knee-chest position
    patient is face down with the hips bent so that the knees and chest rest on the table
  15. lithotomy position
    patient is lying on the back with the feet and legs raised and supported in stirrups
  16. stat
  17. phleb-
  18. erythrocyte sedimentation rate
    sed rate - test based on the rate at which the red blood cells seperate from the plasma, elevated rate indicates an infection
  19. hematocrit
    percentage by volume, of a blood sample occupied by red cells
  20. -crit
    to seperate
  21. polycythemia
    excess red blood cells
  22. anemia
    deficient red blood cells
  23. thrombocytosis
    abnormal increase in the number of platelets
  24. thrombocytopenia
    abnormal decrease in the number of platelets
  25. -globin
  26. white blood cell differential test
    determines what percentage of the total count is composed of each of the five types of leukocytes, detects certain types of leukemia
  27. basic metabolic panel
    eight specific blood test that provide information on status of kidneys, electrolyte balance, blood sugar, & calcium levels
  28. blood urea nitrogen test
    measures amount of nitrogen in the blood due to the waste product urea
  29. C-reactive
    performed to identify high levels of inflammation within the body (C-reactive protein is only produced by the liver during episodes of acute inflammation)
  30. prothrombin time
    pro time - used to diagnose abnomalities of clotting time & to monitor anticoagulant therapy
  31. agglutination
    clumping together of red blood cells
  32. serum bilirubin test
    measures the ability of the liver to take up, process, and secrete bilirubin into the bile
  33. thyroid-stimulating hormone assay
    measures circulating blood levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone
  34. acidosis
    excessive acid in the body fluids
  35. casts
    fibrous or protein materials, such as pus or fat, thrown off in the urine in kidney disease
  36. specific gravity
    amount of waste, minerals, and solids in urine
  37. acetone
    sweet fruity odor, found in small amounts in normal urine, higher in diabetics
  38. albumin-
    albumin or protein
  39. albumin
    form of protein found in most body tissue
  40. bacteri-
  41. calci-
  42. creatin-
  43. creatinine
    waste product of muscle metabolism that is normally removed by the kidneys
  44. glycos-
  45. keton-
  46. ketones
    formed when the body breaks down fat, presence can indicate starvation or uncontrolled diabetes
  47. lapar-
  48. abdomin-
  49. arthr-
  50. tympan-
  51. radiopaque
    substance does not allow x-rays to pass through and appears white or light gray on resulting film
  52. radiolucent
    substance such as air or nitrogen, that does not allow x-rays to pass through and appears black or dark gray on the resulting film
  53. intravenous contrast medium
    injected in a vein to make the flow of blood through blood vessels and organs visible
  54. barium
    radiopaque medium used primarily to visualize the gastrointestinal tract
  55. radi-
  56. -ior
    pertaining to
  57. anteroposterior projection (AP)
    patient positioned with the back parallel to the film
  58. posteroanterior projection (PA)
    patient positioned facing the fim and parallel
  59. lateral projection (LAT)
    patient positioned at right angles to the film
  60. oblique projection (OBL)
    patient is positioned sideways to the film
  61. periapical radiograph
    shows the entire tooth and some surrounding tissue
  62. apic-
  63. tom-
    means to cut, section, or slice
  64. fluor-
  65. luminous
  66. cine-
    relationship to movement
  67. ultra-
  68. son-
  69. ech-
  70. scintigram
    nuclear scan that uses nuclear medicine technology to gather information about the structure and function of organs or body systems that cannot be seen on conventional x-rays
  71. single photon emission computed tomography
    SPECT - produces 3D computer reconstructed images showing perfusion through tissues and organs
  72. pharmac-
  73. regimen
    directions or rules
  74. contraindication
    factor in a patients condition that makes the use of specific medications or treatment dangerous
  75. potentiation
    drug interaction that occurs when the effect of one drug is incresed by another
  76. potentiate
    to enhance the effects of a drug
  77. pryet-
  78. trans-
  79. cutane-
  80. -ous
    pertaining to
  81. sub-
  82. lingu
  83. parenteral
    taken in to the body, or administered, in a manner other than through the digestive tract
  84. PICC line
    peripherally inserted central catheter
  85. bolus
    bolus infusion - single concentrated dose of drug usually injected into a blood vessel over a short period of time
  86. enteric coating
    prevents drugs from being absorbed in the stomach