Medical Term 11, 13, 14 & 5

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nickster159
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182767
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Medical Term 11, 13, 14 & 5
Updated:
2012-11-16 21:21:51
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medical terminology
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Reproductive System, Nervous System and Psychologic Disorders, Endocrine System, and The Body as a Whole
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  1. Reproduction
    the process by which genetic material is passed from one generation to the next
  2. The major function of the reproductive system is to.....
    produce offspring.
  3. The testes and ovaries are called the.....
    gonads
  4. The gonads function in the production of reproductive cells.....
    Spermatozoa or ova
  5. Spermatozoa; spermatozoa
    Sperm
  6. Ova; ovum
    eggs
  7. The gonads also secrete important.....
    hormones
  8. What do ducts do?
    They transport and recieve eggs or sperm and important fluids.
  9. Reproductive organs, whether male or female, or internal or external, are called the.....
    genitals or genitalia
  10. another term for genitals
    genitalia
  11. organs that produce either sperm or ova
    gonads
  12. singular form of ova
    ovum
  13. singular form of spermatozoa
    spermatozoon
  14. the female gonad
    ovary
  15. the male gonad
    testis or testicle
  16. process by which genetic material is passed from one generation to the next
    reproduction
  17. abnormal passage between two internal organs or between an internal organ and body surface
    fistula
  18. prevention of pregnancy
    contraception
  19. sagging of an organ
    prolapse
  20. tumor occurring on a mucous membrane
    polyp
  21. antepartum
    before birth
  22. gestation
    pregnancy
  23. parturition
    childbirth
  24. postpartum
    after birth
  25. gon/o
    genital or reproduction
  26. oophor/o
    ovary
  27. salping/o
    uterine tube, fallopian tube
  28. hyster/o
    uterus
  29. cervic/o
    cervix
  30. colp/o
    vagina
  31. vas/o
    vessel or duct; sometimes ductus deferens (vas deferens)
  32. urethr/o
    urethra
  33. pen/o
    penis
  34. prostat/o
    prostate
  35. orchi/o
    testes
  36. scrot/o
    scrotum, bag
  37. The ______ ______ keeps us in touch with both our internal and external environments.
    Nervous system
  38. The nervous system serves as the control center and communications network, the nervous system stores and processes information, stimulates movement, and ______ ______.
    detects change
  39. In addition, working with the endocrine system, the nervous system helps maintain _______, a dynamic equalibrium of the internal environment of the body.
    homeostasis
  40. The nervous system affects both ________ and _________ functions.
    psychologic; physiologic
  41. The study of behavior and the function and processes of the mind is called.....
    psychology
  42. Sensory, or _______, receptors detect changes that occur inside and outside the body and convey them to the brain.
    afferent
  43. _______ functions create sensations, produce thoughts and memory, and make decisions based on what is recieved from the sensory receptors.
    Integrative
  44. The nervous system responds by sending motor, or _______, signals from the brain to muscles and glands to cause an effect.
    efferent
  45. The part of the nervous system under conscious or voluntary control is called the _______ nervous system.
    somatic
  46. The part of the nervous system that relates to involuntary or automatic body functions is called the _______ nervous system
    autonomic
  47. home/o
    sameness
  48. -stasis
    controlling
  49. physi/o
    nature
  50. The nervous system contains both ______ nervous system and _______ nervous system.
    Central (CNS) and Peripheral (PNS)
  51. The central nervous system includes.....
    the brain and the spinal cord
  52. What does the brain do in the central nervous system (CNS)?
    It recieves and integrates data and it regulates body activities
  53. What does the spinal cord do in the central nervous system (CNS)?
    It carries information to and from the brain. It also provides reflexes.
  54. The peripheral nervous system (PNS) contains.......
    sensory (afferent) nerves and motor (efferent) nerves
  55. What do the sensory (afferent) nerves do in the peripheral nervous system (PNS)?
    It conveys information from receptors to the central nervous system (CNS)
  56. What do the motor (efferent) nerves do in the peripheral nervous system (PNS)?
    It conveys information from central nervous system (CNS) to muscles and glands
  57. neur/o
    nerve
  58. muscul/o
    muscle
  59. myel/o
    spinal cord
  60. The basic parts of a neuron are.....
    the cell body, a single axon, and several dendrites.
  61. Some axons are surrounded by a segmented.....
    myelin sheath
  62. The myelinated regions provide much faster of conduction of the _______ _______ than parts of the axon that are not myelinated.
    nerve impulse
  63. common name for a cerebrovascular accident
    stroke
  64. fluid accumulation in the skull
    hydrocephalus
  65. the recording of the electrical activity of the brain
    electrocephalography
  66. type of hematoma in which blood accumulates beneath the dura mater
    subdural
  67. type of hematoma in which blood accumulates outside the dura mater
    epidural
  68. type of hematoma in which bleeding occurs within the brain
    intracerebral
  69. The brain and the spinal cord are part of the ___________ nervous system.
    central
  70. The various nerves that connect the brain and the spinal cord with receptors, muscles, and glands make up the ___________ nervous system. 
    peripheral
  71. The _________ nervous system is the control center ofthe body.
    central
  72. The main type of nerve cell is called a(n) ___________.
    neuron
  73. Nerve cells that provide special support and protection are called ___________ cells. 
    glial or neuroglial
  74. Protective membranes called ___________ cover the brain and spinal cord. 
    meninges
  75. The type of receptor stimulated by light is called a(n) ___________. 
    photoreceptor
  76. The type of receptor stimulated by chemicals is called a(n) ___________.
    chemoreceptor
  77. The sense organ that enables us to maintain a sense of balance is the __________.
    ear
  78. Agents that relieve pain without causing loss of consciousness are called __________.
    analgesics
  79. Chemicals-cells-tissues-organs-body systems to......
    Organism
  80. Which is simpler? Cell vs organ?
    Cell
  81. Which is simpler? Organ vs tissue?
    tissue
  82. Which is simpler? Organ vs body system?
    organ
  83. Which is simpler? Body system vs organism?
    body system
  84. Which is simpler? Chemical vs tissue?
    chemical
  85. blood
    hemat/o
  86. cell
    -cyte
  87. deficiency
    -penia
  88. increased or abnormal
    -osis
  89. production
    -poiesis
  90. red blood cell
    erythrocyte
  91. white blood cell
    leukocyte
  92. cell that is often decreased in anemia
    erythrocyte
  93. major cell type that is increased in leukemia
    leukocyte
  94. has an important function in blood clotting
    blood platelet

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