Medical Term 11, 13, 14 & 5
Card Set Information
Medical Term 11, 13, 14 & 5
Reproductive System, Nervous System and Psychologic Disorders, Endocrine System, and The Body as a Whole
the process by which genetic material is passed from one generation to the next
The major function of the reproductive system is to.....
The testes and ovaries are called the.....
The gonads function in the production of reproductive cells.....
Spermatozoa or ova
The gonads also secrete important.....
What do ducts do?
They transport and recieve eggs or sperm and important fluids.
Reproductive organs, whether male or female, or internal or external, are called the.....
genitals or genitalia
another term for genitals
organs that produce either sperm or ova
singular form of ova
singular form of spermatozoa
the female gonad
the male gonad
testis or testicle
process by which genetic material is passed from one generation to the next
abnormal passage between two internal organs or between an internal organ and body surface
prevention of pregnancy
sagging of an organ
tumor occurring on a mucous membrane
genital or reproduction
uterine tube, fallopian tube
vessel or duct; sometimes ductus deferens (vas deferens)
The ______ ______ keeps us in touch with both our internal and external environments.
The nervous system serves as the control center and communications network, the nervous system stores and processes information, stimulates movement, and ______ ______.
In addition, working with the endocrine system, the nervous system helps maintain _______, a dynamic equalibrium of the internal environment of the body.
The nervous system affects both ________ and _________ functions.
The study of behavior and the function and processes of the mind is called.....
Sensory, or _______, receptors detect changes that occur inside and outside the body and convey them to the brain.
_______ functions create sensations, produce thoughts and memory, and make decisions based on what is recieved from the sensory receptors.
The nervous system responds by sending motor, or _______, signals from the brain to muscles and glands to cause an effect.
The part of the nervous system under conscious or voluntary control is called the _______ nervous system.
The part of the nervous system that relates to involuntary or automatic body functions is called the _______ nervous system
The nervous system contains both ______ nervous system and _______ nervous system.
Central (CNS) and Peripheral (PNS)
The central nervous system includes.....
the brain and the spinal cord
What does the brain do in the central nervous system (CNS)?
It recieves and integrates data and it regulates body activities
What does the spinal cord do in the central nervous system (CNS)?
It carries information to and from the brain. It also provides reflexes.
The peripheral nervous system (PNS) contains.......
sensory (afferent) nerves and motor (efferent) nerves
What do the sensory (afferent) nerves do in the peripheral nervous system (PNS)?
It conveys information from receptors to the central nervous system (CNS)
What do the motor (efferent) nerves do in the peripheral nervous system (PNS)?
It conveys information from central nervous system (CNS) to muscles and glands
The basic parts of a neuron are.....
the cell body, a single axon, and several dendrites.
Some axons are surrounded by a segmented.....
The myelinated regions provide much faster of conduction of the _______ _______ than parts of the axon that are not myelinated.
common name for a cerebrovascular accident
fluid accumulation in the skull
the recording of the electrical activity of the brain
type of hematoma in which blood accumulates beneath the dura mater
type of hematoma in which blood accumulates outside the dura mater
type of hematoma in which bleeding occurs within the brain
The brain and the spinal cord are part of the ___________ nervous system.
The various nerves that connect the brain and the spinal cord with receptors, muscles, and glands make up the ___________ nervous system.
The _________ nervous system is the control center ofthe body.
The main type of nerve cell is called a(n) ___________.
Nerve cells that provide special support and protection are called ___________ cells.
glial or neuroglial
Protective membranes called ___________ cover the brain and spinal cord.
The type of receptor stimulated by light is called a(n) ___________.
The type of receptor stimulated by chemicals is called a(n) ___________.
The sense organ that enables us to maintain a sense of balance is the __________.
Agents that relieve pain without causing loss of consciousness are called __________.
Chemicals-cells-tissues-organs-body systems to......
Which is simpler? Cell vs organ?
Which is simpler? Organ vs tissue?
Which is simpler? Organ vs body system?
Which is simpler? Body system vs organism?
Which is simpler? Chemical vs tissue?
increased or abnormal
red blood cell
white blood cell
cell that is often decreased in anemia
major cell type that is increased in leukemia
has an important function in blood clotting