Birds

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Author:
Marytaylor
ID:
182802
Filename:
Birds
Updated:
2012-11-10 16:54:30
Tags:
Exotic Animal Management Brod
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Description:
birds, ratites
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  1. Kingdom
    Metazoa
  2. Phylum
    Chordata
  3. Class
    Aves
  4. Order
    • Psittaciforme
    • Passeriformes
    • Piciformes
  5. List 9 Psittaciforme
    • Parakeet
    • Australian Grass Parakeet
    • Parrot
    • Macaw
    • Cockatoo
    • Cockateil
    • Lovebird
    • Lorikeet
    • Conures
  6. List 3 Passeriformes
    • Canary
    • Finch
    • Mynah
  7. Psittacine are _____ billed. Passerine are ____ billed
    Hook; straight
  8. Budgerigar - Origin, Size, Colors, Sex Distinction, Life Span
    • Origin: Australia
    • Size: 28 grams
    • Colors: Green, Blue, Violet, Cream
    • Sex Distinction: Male cere = blue  Female cere = Brown
    • Life Span: 8 years avg
  9. Cockatiel - Origin, Size, Colors, Sex Distinction, Life Span
    • Origin: Australia
    • Size: 70 - 90 grams
    • Colors: Gray, Gray Mottle, Albino
    • Sex Distinction: Male = brighter orange face patch
    • Life Span: 20 years
  10. Double Yellow Headed Amazon - Origin, Size, Colors, Sex Distinction, Life Span
    • Origin: Mexico, Central and South America
    • Size: 450 - 500 grams
    • Colors: Green body plummage with yellow head
    • Sex Distinction: must be sexed
    • Life Span: 40 - 50 years
  11. African Grey - Origin, Size, Colors, Sex Distinction, Life Span
    • Origin: Africa
    • Size: 450 - 500 grams
    • Colors: Grey with red tail
    • Sex Distinction: must be sexed, but males tend to have brighter plummage on tail
    • Life Span: 40 - 50 years
  12. Macaw - Origin, Size, Colors, Sex Distinction, Life Span
    • Origin: Mexico, Central and South America
    • Size: 1 1/2 - 2 pounds
    • Colors: Blue & gold, Scarlet, Military, Hyacinth
    • Sex Distinction: must be sexed
    • Life Span: 70 - 80 years
  13. Cockatoo - Origin, Size, Colors, Sex Distinction, Life Span
    • Origin: Australia, New Zeland, South Pacific
    • Size: 450 - 550 grams
    • Colors: Moluccan, Umbrella, Sulfur-crested
    • Sex Distinction: must be sexed
    • Life Span: 60 - 80 years
  14. Canaries - Origin, Size, Colors, Sex Distinction, Life Span
    • Origin: Europe
    • Size: 18 - 20 grams
    • Colors: Yellow, Red
    • Sex Distinction: Males = brighter plummage
    • Life Span: 6 - 16 years
  15. Crows have a special talent - they use ________ to pick a single face out of a crowd.
    Facial recognition
  16. What bird that has the ability to make and use tools? This ability represents what type of reasoning?
    New Calidonian Crow; cognitive reasoning.
  17. What bird can shape their nest to fit their body. They also use hangers and other human items to build their nest.
    Japanese Jungle Crow
  18. Crows demonstrate ______ or _________ behavior.
    Social or cultural learned 
  19. Which birds are the smartest?
    New Caledonian Crow and Vultures
  20. 1st feathered bird
    Archaeopterx
  21. What is the least intelligent bird?
    Owl
  22. What bird sews their nest into weaves?
    African weaver bird
  23. What bird can mimic 20 different species as well as chainsaws and camera shutters?
    Lyre bird
  24. What bird decorates its nest?
    Golden Bowerbird
  25. List 3 birds whose origin is from Australia
    • Budgerigar
    • Cockatoo
    • Cockatiel
  26. List 2 birds whose origin is from Mexico, Central and South America
    • Macaw
    • Double Yellow Headed Amazon
  27. List 6 extant species
    • Ostrich
    • Emu
    • Rhea
    • Kiwi
    • Cassoway
    • Tinamous
  28. List 2 Extinct species
    • Moa
    • Elephant bird
  29. Ostrich - Origin, Ht., Wt., Speed, Abilities, Uses
    • Origin: East and South Africa
    • Ht.: 3 meters (6-8 ft)
    • Wt.: 160 kilograms (300 lbs)
    • Speed: 45 mph 
    • Abilities: Forward kicking
    • Uses: Primarily for feathers. Also used for meat and eggs (1 1/2 - 2 lbs)
  30. Emu - Origin, Ht., Wt., Uses
    • Origin: Australian grassland and eucalyptus forest
    • Ht: 6 ft
    • Wt: 150 lbs
    • Uses: Emu oil in cosmetics, lotions and oils for boots. Also used for meat, feathers, hide and eggs (green eggs 1 - 1 1/4 lb)
  31. Rhea - Origin, Ht., Wt.
    • Origin: South America
    • Ht: 2ft (1 1/2 meters)
    • Wt: 50 lbs (25 kilograms)
  32. Cassowary - Origin, Size, Coloring characteristics, Uses
    • Origin: Malay Archipelago & Australia
    • Size: Size of Emu (100-150 lbs)
    • Coloring characteristics: Red and blue skin on head and neck, large feet
    • Uses: Meat source for indigenous people, Also uses for eggs and feathers.
  33. Kiwi - Origin, Size, Predators, Mating habit, Unique characteristic/information
    • Origin: New Zealand
    • Size: Size of a chicken
    • Predators: Cat & Ferret
    • Mating habit: Monogamous
    • Unique characteristic/information: National bird of New Zealand and largest egg of any bird. Also resembles the extinct Moa.
  34. Tinamous - Origin, Size, Special Characteristics, # of species
    • Origin: Forest regions of Mexico, Central & South America
    • Size: Partridge size
    • Special Characteristics: Flighted, Females larger than males 
    • # of species: 49
  35. Moa - Origin, Wt, Extinct because of:
    • Origin: New Zealand
    • Wt: up to 1000 lbs
    • Extinct because of: Hunting by indigenous people, slow moving and delayed reproductive maturity.
  36. Define polyandrous and list 3 species
    • Female has multiple mates. Males take care of the eggs
    • Emu, Tinamous, and Rhea (can be either polyandrous or polygamous)
  37. Define polygamous and list 2 species
    • Male has multiple mates
    • Ostrich & Rhea (can be either polygamous or polyandrous)
  38. Aepyornis maximus - AKA, Ht, Wt, Date and reason for extinction, Model for
    • AKA:Elephant bird of Madagascar
    • Ht: 12 ft (3-4 meters)
    • Wt: 1100 kilograms
    • Date and reason for extinction: 1600's human hunting
    • Model for: Roc in One Thousand and One Nights
  39. Unique morphological feature
    Palaeognathous palate - "ancient jaw" (single plated palate)
  40. Define neotony and provide examples for ratites
    Juvenile characteristics are retained by the adults of a species. Large eyes, Downy feathers & Long legs

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