Procedures Unit 4

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Procedures Unit 4
2012-11-11 22:01:49
Procedures Unit

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  1. Secondary name riddle
    • Never-Navicular
    • See-Semilunar
    • The/Cute-triangular/cuneiform
    • Pisiform-pisiform
    • G-GLO-greater multangular
    • L-GLO-lesser multangular
    • O-GLO-os magnum
    • Under (water)-unciform
  2. scaphoid=
  3. lunate=
  4. triquetrun
    triangular or cuneiform
  5. pisiform=
    no secondary name
  6. trapezium=
    greater multangular
  7. trapezoid=
    lesser multangular
  8. capitate=
    os magnum
  9. hamate=
  10. What is the smallest carpal bone?
  11. Which is the largest proximal carpal bone?
  12. What is the most often displaced carpal bone?
  13. What is the largest of the carpal bones?
  14. Which is the smallest carpal bone?
  15. Which carpal bone is most often fractured?
  16. Which carpal bone has a hook-like projection?
    hamate (hamulus process)
  17. What are the 2 most anterior carpal bones?
    • hamate
    • pisiform
  18. Where is the anatomical snuff box located?
  19. half-moon shaped carpal bone
  20. articulates to the the pisiform
  21. sits on the anterior side of triquetrum and looks like a pea stuck to it
  22. articulates with the base of 1st metacarpal 
  23. its rounded head fits into the cresent shape of the lunate
  24. the "hook", it projects anteriorly
  25. The 1st metacarpal contains _________ on its _________ side below the neck.
    • small sesamoid bones
    • palmar
  26. A________ is often seen on the 2nd metacarpal.
    single sesamoid
  27. What is formed by the concave surface of the carpal bones?
    Carpal canal
  28. What projection is used to best demonstrate the carpal canal?
    Tangential-CR barely skims the part to decrease superimposition
  29. What is best visualized in the tangential projection?
    • Anterior pisiform
    • hamulus of hamate
    • (carpal canal)
  30. Is the radius on the lateral or medial side of the forearm?
  31. Where are the styloid processes located on the radius and ulna?
    The distal ends
  32. The radius contains the __________ notch
  33. What end is the head of the radius located?
    Proximal end
  34. Which bone is shorter, the radius or ulna?
  35. The radius is directly envolved in which joint? And the ulna?
    • Wrist-radial
    • elbow-ulna
  36. Where is the head of the ulna located?
    Distally, near the wrist joint
  37. on the proximal ulna, what are the two beak-like processes called?
    Olecranon and coronoid
  38. On the proximal ulna, what is the large concave notch that articulates to the distal humerus called?
    Trochlear notch (semilunar notch)
  39. What is significant about the lateral side of the proximal ulna?
    This is where the radial notch lies
  40. what is the expanded distal end of the humerus?
    Humeral condyle
  41. What is the humeral condyle divided into?
    • Trochlea
    • capitulum
  42. What is the depressed center portion of the distal humerus?
    Trochlear sulcus or groove
  43. Are epicondyles located on the proximal or distal humerus?
  44. The lateral condyle is superior to the _____________.
    Capitulum (LC-Lincoln county)
  45. The medial condyle is the _____and is superior to the __________.
    • Larger condyle
    • Trochlea(MT-my truck)
  46. When in a true lateral position, the epicondyles are.....
    Directly superimposed
  47. What are the three depressions on the humerus? List if located posteriorly or anteriorly.
    • Coronoid fossa-anterior
    • radial fossa- anterior
    • olecranon fossa- posterior
  48. The coronoid fossa is on which side?
    Medial or trochlea side
  49. The radial fossa is located which at side? 
    Lateral or capitulum side
  50. The fat pads associated with the distal humerus are located over the _______
    • Fossas:
    • olecranon fossa
    • radial fosa
    • coronoid fossa
  51. The largest fat pad lies over the ________ fossa.
  52. The smallest fat pad lies over the _________ fossa.
    Radial fossa
  53. Fat pads must:
    • Elbow must be flexed 90 degrees
    • Elbow must be in a true lateral
    • must use optimum exposure techniques 
  54. What is the classification of the hand, wrist, forearm, and the elbow joints?
    Synovial (articular capsule contains synovial fluid)
  55. What is the mobility type of  upper extremity?
    Diathrodial(freely movable)
  56. What is the movement type of interphalangeal joints?
  57. What is the movement type of the MCP joints?
  58. What is the movement type of CM joints (1st digit)?
  59. What is the movement type of the intercarpal joints?
    Plane/ gliding 
  60. What is the movement type of the CM joints (2nd-5th digits)?
  61. What is the movement type of the radiocarpal joint(wrist)?
    Ellipsoidal/ condyloid
  62. What is the movement type of the radioulnar joints?
  63. What is the movement type of the elbow joint?
  64. Exposure factors for upper extremity: _______ to ______ kVp.  __________ exposure time.  _________ focal spot sizes. ________ mAs for ________________.
    • 50-70(lower to medium)
    • short exposure time 
    • Small focal spot (increases recorded detail)
    • Adequate mAs for sufficent density 
  65. correctly exposed images of the upper limbs should demonstrate ___________ (for______________) and ____________.
    • Soft-tissue markings (for fat pad visualization)
    • fine bony markings
  66. Always place the long axis of the part _________ to the long axis of the IR.
  67. Alternative modalities:
    • CT and MRI
    • Arthrology
    • Nuclear Medicine
  68. When does a radiologist inject an oily fluid (contrast) into a joint then X-rays it?
  69. Osteomalitus-
    Infection of the bone (eats it away)
  70. A minimum of _______ projections are used for long bones
    • Two 
    • making sure to use proximal and distal articulations
    • AP or PA and lateral
  71. A minimum of _________ projections is done in areas of joints.
    • Three
    • AP, lateral, and one oblique