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  1. Charlemagne
    • Frankish King - aka Charles the Great
    • Christmas Day 800 AD was crowned Emperor by Pope Leo
  2. Anastasius I
    • Emperor 491-518
    • refused to see that the empire was no longer one empire but that the west was it's own empire
  3. Theodoric the Ostrogoth
    • The Italian Governer who was really the Ostrogothic king
    • most cultivated, capable, and sophisticated barbarian ruler
    • We was a teenage hostage in Constantinople and learned the Roman ways but still knew the Gothic milatary organization
    • He did not interfere in religion
  4. Arians
    During the early Christological controversies, followers of the Alexandrine theologian, arius,who believed that Jesus was not equal to God the Father
  5. Lombards
    • Germanic tribe from along the Danube
    • former allies in Justinian's army
    • easily overtook Italy after war and disease 
    • many Lombards were Arians, but by early 7th century many had accepted the Orthodox Christianity
  6. Gregory the Great
    • Pope who organized resistance to the Lombards
    • He fed the population during famine and comforted his people through the plague and warfare
    • laid the foundation of the medival papacy
  7. Clovis
    • Frankish king supported by Gallo-Roman aristocrats
    • Conquered the Visgothic kingdom of Toulouse
  8. Visigoths
    • driven out of Toulouse deeper into Spain
    • where they forged a unified kingdom based on roman administrative tradition and Visigothic kingship
    • did not tolerate people who were "different"
  9. Bede
    • wrote "A History of the English Church and People"
    • the Greatest scholar of his century
    • wrote histories of the English church and people
    • wrote about two missionary movements in England
    • one led by Augustine (agreed by Bede) and the other by Aidan that represented the Irish traditions that Bede opposed
  10. Augustine of Canterbury
    • Missionary sent to Britian to Christianize it
    • sent by Pope Gregory the Great
    • Converted the Kingdom of Kent 
    • then moved onto Essex
  11. Ethelbert
    • pagan king of Kent allowed Augustine to preach in his kingdom 
    • urged by his wife Bertha, a Christian Frankish princess
  12. Aidan
    Missionary to England that represented Irish traditions
  13. Oswy of Northumbria
    • called an episcopal meeting, or synod.
    • To settle which version of Christianity to use...Roman Catholic or the Celtic.
    • The Roman Catholic was picked
  14. Balthild
    • Anglo-Saxon woman captured and sold into slavery in Francia, became the wife of Clovis II, king of Neustria and Burgandy....became queen.
    • was forced into retirement to the monastery
  15. Merovingian
    • dynasty established by Clovis
    • named after a legendary ancestor
  16. Manses
    Farms worked by slaves, serfs and freemen in the Middle Ages
  17. Gregory of Tours
    Gallo-Roman bishop and historian
  18. Saint Hilda of Whitby
    • Anglo-Saxon princess, established and ruled a religious community that included both women and men
    • played an active role advising the king and assembled bishops
    • the Synod of Whitby took place at her community
  19. Aachen
    • location of Palatine Chapel
    • now a German city near the Belgian border
  20. Charles Martel
    • ruthless, ambitius, and successful
    • of the Carolingian family
    • molded the Frankish calvary into the most effective military force of the time
  21. The Battle of Tours
    battle where Charles Martel defeated a Muslim force that had attempted to continue the northward expansion of Islam
  22. Pippin III
    • Charles Martel son
    • turned to the pope to give him power (a title)
    • was anointed king of the Franks by the pope
  23. Vassals
    Knights sworn to fealty or loyalty to a lord; in return the lord granted the vassal a means of support, or fief
  24. Caroline Minuscule
    the new stuye of handwriting developed to preserve the texts
  25. The Carolingian Renaissance
    The cultural revival of classical learning sponsored by the emperor Charlemagne.  New schools and the copying of manuscripts were among its important achievements.
  26. Synods
    A meetin of bishops called to debate Church policy, such as that at Whitby in 664, which established the customs of the Roman Church among Angles and Saxons
  27. Louis the Pious
    • son of Charlemagne
    • worked to establish Benedictine rule as the norm for moastic life
    • also tried to ensure that parish clergy were competent and committed to serving the needs of the people
  28. Diplomas
    The records of royal grants and decisions produced by clerics in medieval courts
  29. Capitularies
    The written instructions for the implementation of royal disrectives at the local level porduced by the clerics of the Carolingian court
  30. Utrecht Psalter
    consummate masterpiece...psalm were written with picture portraying the story of the psalm
  31. King Alfred
  32. Vernacular
  33. Vikings 
  34. Caliph
    the successors of Muhammad who served as political and religious leaders of the Islamic world
  35. The Treaty of Verdun
  36. Lothair 
  37. Louis the German 
  38. Charles the Bald 
  39. Cluny
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2012-11-11 03:05:55
Dark Ages

Dark Ages
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