shoulder/elbow oian

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nttran43
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182833
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shoulder/elbow oian
Updated:
2012-11-10 23:05:18
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oian
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shoulder/elbow oian
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  1. Origin of Upper Trapezius
    • Occipital bone
    • Nuchal Ligament on upper cervical spinous processes
  2. Insertion of Upper Trapezius
    • Outer 1/3 of clavicle
    • Acromion process
  3. Action of Upper Trapezius
    • Scapular elevation
    • Upward rotation of scapula
  4. Innervation of Upper Trapezius
    • Spinal accessory (cnXI)
    • c3 and c4 components
  5. Origin of Middle Trapezius
    Spinous processes of c7-t3
  6. Insertion of Middle Trapezius
    Scapular spine
  7. Action of Middle Trapezius
    Scapular retraction
  8. Innervation of Middle Trapezius
    • Spinal accessory (cnXI)
    • c3 and c4 components
  9. Origin of Lower Trapezius
    Spinous processes of middle and lower thoracic vertebrae
  10. Insertion of Lower Trapezius
    Base of scapular spine
  11. Action of Middle Trapezius
    • Scapular depression
    • Scapular downward rotation
  12. Innervation of Lower Trapezius
    • Spinal accessory (cnXI)
    • c3 and c4 components
  13. Origin of Levator Scapula
    Transverse processes of first 4 cervical vertebrae
  14. Insertion of Levator Scapula
    Vertebral border of scapula, between superior angle and spine
  15. Action of Levator Scapula
    • Scapular elevation
    • Scapular downward rotation
  16. Innervation of Levator Scapula
    • 3rd/4th cervical nerves
    • Dorsal scapular nerve (c5)
  17. Origin of Rhomboids
    Spinous processes of c7-t5
  18. Insertion of Rhomboids
    Vertebral border of scapula, between spine and inerior angle
  19. Action of Rhomboids
    • Scapular retraction
    • Scapular elevation
    • Scapular downward rotation
  20. Innervation of Rhomboids
    Dorsal scapular nerve (c5)
  21. Origin of Serratus Anterior
    Lateral surface of upper 8 ribs
  22. Insertion of Serratus Anterior
    • Vertebral border of scapula
    • Anterior surface
  23. Action of Serratus Anterior
    • Scapular Protraction
    • Scapular upward rotation
  24. Innervation of Serratus Anterior
    Long thoracic nerve (c5, c6, c7)
  25. Origin of Pectoralis Minor
    Ribs 3-5, anterior surface
  26. Insertion of Pectoralis Minor
    Corocoid process of scapula
  27. Action of Pectoralis Minor
    • Scapular depression
    • Scapular protraction
    • Scapular downward rotation
    • Scapular tilt
  28. Innervation of Pectoralis Minor
    Medial pectoral nerve (c8, t1)
  29. Origin of Anterior Deltoid
    Lateral 1/3 of clavicle
  30. Insertion of Anterior Deltoid
    Deltoid tuberosity
  31. Action of Anterior Deltoid
    • Shoulder ABDuction
    • Shoulder flexion
    • Shoulder IR
    • Shoulder H. ADDuction
  32. Innervation of Anterior Deltoid
    Axillary nerve (c5, c6)
  33. Origin of Middle Deltoid
    Acromion process
  34. Insertion of Middle Deltoid
    Deltoid tuberosity
  35. Action of Middle Deltoid
    Shoulder ABDuction
  36. Innervation of Middle Deltoid
    Axillary nerves (c5, c6)
  37. Origin of Posterior Deltoid
    Spine of scapular
  38. Insertion of Posterior Deltoid
    Deltoid tuberosity
  39. Action of Posterior Deltoid
    • Shoulder ABDuction
    • Shoulder (Hyper)Extension
    • Shoulder ER
    • Shoulder H. ABDuction
  40. Origin of Pectoralis Major (Clavical Portion)
    Medial 1/3 of clavicle
  41. Insertion of Pectoralis Major (Clavicle Portion)
    Lateral lip of bicipital groove on humerus
  42. Action of Pectoralis Major (Clavical Portion)
    • Shoulder flexion (1st 60 degrees)
    • Shoulder ADDuction
    • Shoulder IR
    • Shoulder H. ADDuction
  43. Innervation of Pectoralis Major (Clavical Portion)
    Lateral/medial pectoral nerves (c5-t1)
  44. Origin of Pectoralis Major (Sternal Portion)
    • Sternum
    • Costal cartilage of first 6 ribs
  45. Insertion of Pectoralis Major (Sternal Portion )
    Lateral lip of bicipital groove on humerus
  46. Action of Pectoralis Major (Sternal Portion)
    • Shoulder extension (1st 60 degrees)
    • Shoulder ADDuction
    • Shoulder IR
    • Shoulder H. ADDuction
  47. Innervation of Pectoralis Major (Sternal Portion)
    Lateral/medial pectoral nerves (c5-t1)
  48. Origin of Latissimus Dorsi
    • Spinous processes t7-l5 (by dorsolumbar fascia)
    • Posterior surfaces of sacrum, iliac crest, & 3 lower ribs
  49. Insertion of Latissimus Dorsi
    Medial floor of bicipital groove on humerus
  50. Action of Latissimus Dorsi
    • Shoulder (hyper)extension
    • Shoulder ADDuction
    • Shoulder IR
  51. Innervation of Latissimus Dorsi
    Thoracodorsal nerve (c6-8)
  52. Origin of Teres Major
    Axillar border of scapula, near inferior angle
  53. Insertion of Teres Major
    Crest below tubercle, inferior to latissimus dorsi attachment
  54. Action of Teres Major
    • Shoulder extension
    • Shoulder ADDuction
    • Shoulder IR
  55. Innervation of Teres Major
    Lower subscapular nerve (c5-7)
  56. Origin of Supraspinatus
    Supraspinous fossa of scapula
  57. Insertion of Supraspinatus
    Greater tubercle of humerus
  58. Action of Supraspinatus
    Shoulder ABDuction
  59. Innervation of Supraspinatus
    Subscapular nerve (c5-6)
  60. Origin of Infraspinatus
    Infraspinous fossa of scapula
  61. Insertion of Infraspinatus
    Greater tubercle of humerus
  62. Action of Infraspinatus
    • Shoulder ER
    • Shoulder H. ABDuction
  63. Innervation of Infraspinatus
    Subscapular nerve (c5-6)
  64. Origin of Teres Minor
    Axillary border of scapula
  65. Insertion of Teres Minor
    Greater tublercle of humerus
  66. Action of Teres Minor
    • Shouder ER
    • Shoulder H. ABDuction
  67. Innervation of Teres Minor
    Axillary nerve (c5-6)
  68. Origin of Subscapularis
    Subscapular fossa of scapula
  69. Insertion of Subscapularis
    Lesser tubercle of humerus
  70. Action of Subscapularis
    Shoulder IR
  71. Innervation of Subscapularis
    Upper/lower subscapular nerve (c5-6)
  72. Origin of Coracobrachialis
    Corocoid process of scapula
  73. Insertion of Coracobrachialis
    Medial surface of humerus, near midpoint
  74. Action of Coracobrachialis
    Stablizes shoulder joint
  75. Innervation of Coracobrachialis
    Musculocutaneous nerve (c6-7)
  76. Origin of Brachialis
    Distal half of humerus, anteriorly
  77. Insertion of Brachialis
    • Coronoid process
    • Ulnar tuberosity of ulna
  78. Action of Brachialis
    Elbow flexion
  79. Innervation of Brachialis
    Musculocutaneous nerve (c5-6)
  80. Origin of Biceps Brachii
    • Long: Supraglenoid tubercle on scapula
    • Short: Coracoid process in scapula
  81. Insertion of Biceps Brachii
    Radial tuberosity of radius
  82. Action of Biceps Brachii
    • Elbow flexion
    • Forearm supination
  83. Innervation of Bicep Brachii
    Musculocutaneous nerve (c5-6)
  84. Origin of Brachioradialis
    Lateral supracondylar ridge on humerus
  85. Insertion of Brachioradialis
    Styloid process of radius
  86. Action of Brachioradialis
    Elbow flexion
  87. Innervation of Brachioradialis
    Radial nerve (c5-6)
  88. Origin of Triceps
    • Long: Infraglenoid tubercle on scapula
    • Lateral: Inferior to greater tubercle, posterior humerus
    • Medial: Posterior humerus
  89. Insertion of Triceps
    Olecranon process on ulna
  90. Action of Triceps
    Elbow extension
  91. Innervation of Triceps
    Radial nerve (c7-8)
  92. Origin of Pronator Teres
    • Medial epicondyle of humerus
    • Coronoid process of ulna
  93. Insertion of Pronator Teres
    Lateral aspect of radius, at midpoint
  94. Action of Pronator Teres
    • Forearm pronation
    • ASSIST elbow flexion
  95. Innervation of Pronator Teres
    Median nerve (c6-7)
  96. Origin of Pronator Quadratus
    Distal 1/4 of ulna
  97. Insertion of Pronator Quadratus
    Distal 1/4 of radius
  98. Action of Pronator Quadratus
    Forearm supination
  99. Innervation of Pronator Quadratus
    Median nerve (c8-t1)
  100. Origin of Supinator
    • Lateral epicondyle of humerus
    • Adjacent ulna
  101. Insertion of Supinator
    Proximal radius, anteriorly
  102. Action of Supinator
    Forearm supination
  103. Innervation of Supinator
    Radial nerve (c6)

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