4 a&p

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Author:
standout13
ID:
182861
Filename:
4 a&p
Updated:
2012-11-10 23:57:39
Tags:
anatomy
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carcel
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  1. forms membranes
    epithelium
  2. supports & reinforces body organs
    connective
  3. cells of this tissue may absorb or secrete substances
    epitheilium
  4. forms exocrine & endocrine glands
    epithelium
  5. surrounds and cushions body organs
    connective
  6. characterized by large amounts of extra cellular material
    connective
  7. 6 major functions of epithelial tissue
    • protection
    • absorption
    • filtration
    • excretion
    • secretion
    • sensory reception
  8. 6 characteristics of epithelial tissue
    • polarity= apical & basal
    • specialized contacts = tight junctions & desmosomes
    • supported by CT
    • innervated = supplied by nerves
    • avascular = blood supply
    • regenerative
  9. lines most of intestines
    simple columnar et
  10. lines inside of mouth
    stratified squamous
  11. lines much of respiratory tract
    psuedostratified ciliated columnar et
  12. endothelium
    simple squamous et
  13. lines urinary bladder
    transitional et
  14. in glands and ducts of glands
    simple cuboidal et
  15. protection from abrasion
    stratified squamous et
  16. diffusion
    simple squamous et
  17. propel mucus
    cilia
  18. stretches
    transitional et
  19. absorption, secretion
    simple columnar et
  20. one or more cells that make and secrete a product
    glands
  21. secrete product onto body surface or into body cavity 
    exocrine
  22. secrete product into interstial space and product (hormone) enters blood or lymph
    endocrine
  23. Exocrine glands are classified functionally as:
    • merocrine
    • holocrine
    • apocrine
  24. Most exocrine glands are:
    merocrine
  25. ________ glands store secretions until the whole cell ruptures
    holocrine
  26. sweat glands are examples of _______ glands
    merocrine
  27. ______ glands release secretions by exocytosis.
    merocrine
  28. has a duct to carry secretions
    exocrine
  29. examples: thyroid & adrenal
    endocrine
  30. more numerous of the two glands
    exocrine
  31. secrete hormones directly into blood to be carried to target organ
    endocrine
  32. example is pancreas as it produces digestive enzymes
    exocrine
  33. parallel bundles of collagen fibers; forms tendons and ligaments
    dense regular ct
  34. stores fat
    adipose ct
  35. dermis of skin
    dense irregular ct
  36. under epithelial tissue; contains many fibers and cell types
    areolar ct
  37. forms embryonic skeleton; covers surface of long bones
    hyaline cartilage
  38. insulates body
    adipose ct
  39. firm matrix, milky white and glassy, contains much water
    hyaline cartilage
  40. parallel collagen fibers in cartilage found in intervertebral discs
    fibrocartilage
  41. soft "skeleton" or framework for some organs including lymph nodes
    reticular ct
  42. external ear and epiglottis
    elastic cartilage
  43. embryonic tissue that give rise to all connective
    mesenchyme
  44. in areolar ct, engulf cellular debris
    macrophage
  45. composed of ground substance and fibers
    matrix
  46. cells that maintain matrix in cartilage
    chondrocytes tissue
  47. tough protein fibers that resists longitudinal tearing 
    collagen fibers
  48. in aerolar ct; contain histamine
    mast cell

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