Card Set Information

2012-11-14 20:34:48
Psychology consciousness

Chapter 5
Show Answers:

  1. A person's subjective experience of the world and the mind.
  2. How things seem to the conscious person.
  3. The fundamental difficulty we have in perceiving the consciousness of others.
    Problem of other minds
  4. The issue of how the mind is related to the brain and the body.
    Mind/body problem
  5. A task in which people wearing headphones hear different messages presented to each ear.
    Dichotic listening
  6. A phenomena in which people tune in one message even while they filter out others nearby.
    Cocktail party phenomena
  7. A low-level kind of sensory awareness and responsiveness that occurs when the mind inputs sensations and may output behavior.
    Minimal consciousness
  8. Consciousness in which you know and are able to report your mental state.
    Full consciousness
  9. A distinct level of consciousness in which the person's attention is drawn to the self as an object.
  10. The attempt to change conscious states of mind.
    Mental control
  11. The conscious avoidance of a thought.
    Thought suppression
  12. The tendancy of a thought to return to consciousness with greater frequency following suppression.
    Rebound effect of thought suppression
  13. Mental process that can produce ironic errors because monitoring for errors can itself produce them.
    Ironic process of thought suppression
  14. An active system encompassing a lifetime of hidden memories, the person's deepest instincts and desires, and the person's inner struggle to control these forces.
    Dynamic unconscious
  15. A mental process that removes unacceptable thoughts and memories from consciousness.
  16. The mental processes that give rise to a person's thoughts, choices, emotions and behavior even though they are not experienced by the person.
    Cognitive unconscious
  17. A thought or behavior that is influenced by stimuli that a person cannot consciously perceive.
    Subliminal perception
  18. Forms of experience that depart from the normal subjective experience of the world and the mind.
    Altered state of consciousness
  19. A naturally occurring 24-hour cycle.
    Circadian rhythm
  20. A stage of sleep characterized by rapid eye movement and a high level of brain activity.
    REM sleep
  21. An instrument that measures eye movements.
    Electrooculograph (EOG)
  22. Difficulty in falling asleep or staying asleep.
  23. A disorder in which the person stops breathing for brief periods while asleep.
    Sleep apnea
  24. Occurs when the person arises and walks around while asleep.
    Somnambulism (sleepwalking)
  25. A disorder in which sudden sleep attacks occur in the middle of waking activities.
  26. The experience of waking up unable to move.
    Sleep paralysis
  27. Abrupt awakenings with panic and intense emotional arousal.
    Night terrors (or sleep terrors)
  28. A dream's apparent topic or superficial meaning.
    Manifest content
  29. A dream's true underlying meaning
    Latent content
  30. The theory that dreams are produced when the brain attempts to make sense of activations that occur randomly during sleep.
    Activation-synthesis model
  31. A chemical that influences consciousness or behavior by altering the brain's chemical messenger system.
    Psychoactive drugs
  32. The tendency for larger doses of a drug to be required over time to achieve the same effect.
    Drug tolerance
  33. Substances that reduce the activity of the central nervous system.
  34. The idea that alcohol effects can be produced by people's expectations of how alcohol will influence them in particular situations.
    Expectancy theory
  35. A study design in which behavior is observed following the presence or absence of an actual stimulus and also following the presence or absence of a placebo stimulus.
    Balanced placebo design
  36. A condition that results when alcohol hampers attention, leading people to respond in simple ways to complex situations.
    Alcohol myopia
  37. Substances that excite the central nervous system, heightening arousal and activity levels.
  38. Highly addictive drugs derived from opium that relieve pain.
    Narcotics or opiates
  39. Drugs that alter sensation and perception and often cause visual and auditory hallucinations.
  40. The leaves and buds of the hemp plant.
  41. A response to high-risk behaviors that focuses on reducing the harm such behaviors have on people's lives.
    Harm reduction approach
  42. An altered state of consciousness characterized by suggestibility and the feeling that one's actions are occurring involuntarily.
  43. The failure to retrieve memories following hypnotic suggestions to forget.
    Posthypnotic amnesia
  44. The reduction of pain through hypnosis in people who are susceptible to hypnosis.
    Hypnotic analgesia
  45. The practice of intentional comtemplation.