PTA Tec 6

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Author:
BryanHimmel
ID:
183067
Filename:
PTA Tec 6
Updated:
2012-11-11 21:54:50
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PTA tec
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PTA tec 6
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  1. What is the typical sequence of events during a quadrant screen?
    • 1.Initial observation
    • §Gait, demeanor, posture, deformities, scars, etc.
    • 2.Patient history
    • 3.Scanning examination
    • 4.AROM à Passive Overpressure
    • 5.Resistive Tests-usually myotome, sometimes MMT
    • 6.DTR
    • 7.Sensation Testing
    • 8.Special Tests
  2. S/S of hyperglycemia
    • Fatigue and lethargy
    • —Blurred vision
    • —Dry skin
    • —Extreme thirst and frequent urination
    • —Dizziness
    • —Increased appetite
    • —Nausea, vomiting, and/or abdominal pain
  3. S/S of hypoglycemia?
    • Sweating, unsteadiness and weakness
    • —Increased HR and lightheadedness
    • —Headache, fatigue, and impaired vision
    • —Clumsiness and tingling sensation in their mouth
    • —Confusion, pallor, and behavior changes
  4. Common errors when taking BP
    • Cuff size and application
    • —Arm position
    • •Differences in arm size
    • •Rest period prior to measurement
    • •Inflation/deflation method
    • •Concentration of the measurer
    • •Digit bias (tendency to record a zero as the last digit)
    • •Lack of repeated measures
    • •Time between repeated measures
    • •Lack of calibration/maintenance of measurement devices
    • •Body position
    • •Muscle tension
    • •Quality of stethoscope
    • • Level of training of measurer
  5. What is the normal chest expansion during respiration?
    2-4cm
  6. Normal RR?
    12-18
  7. grading of DTR
    • 0 = absent
    • 1+ = decreased
    • 2+ = normal
    • 3+ = hyperactive
    • 4+ = hyperactive with clonus
  8. Where are the DTR tested? And what spinal cord level does it correspond to?
    • Biceps – C5
    • —Brachioradialis – C6
    • —Triceps – C7
    • —Patella – L4
    • Medial hamstrings (L5,S1)
    • Lateral hamstrings (S1-2)
    • Tibialis posterior (L4-L5)
    • Achilles S1
  9. Grading joint mobility
    • 0 = ankylosed
    • 1 = considerable hypomobility
    • 2 = slight hypomobility
    • 3 = normal
    • 4 = slight hypermobility
    • 5 = considerable hypermobility
    • 6 = pathologically unstable
  10. What are the two methods of girth measuring?
    • tape measure
    • volumetric measurement

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