clin affil lab values

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shmvii
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183071
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clin affil lab values
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2012-11-11 22:23:25
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clin affil lab values
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  1. WBC normal range
    4.5-11.5x10^3
  2. WBC # for exercise contraindicated
    # for wear mask, gloves
    • <5 w fever - no exercise
    • ~5 - light exercise only
    • <1 - wear mask and gloves
  3. hemoglobin (hgb) norms
    • M 14-18
    • W 12-16
  4. hemoglobin #s for light exercise only and # for no exercise
    • 8-10 - light only
    • <8 - no exercise
  5. hematocrit norms
    • M 42-52
    • W 37-47
  6. hematocrit - at what # no exercise?
    <25 no exercise
  7. platelets (plts) norm value
    • 150-450 x 10^3
    • 150,000-450,000
  8. platelet numbers for no stairs or walking, for light exercise, for resistive exercise
    • no stairs or walking (ADLs and ROM are safe): <20,000
    • light exercise: 20,000-30,000
    • resistive exercise: >50,000
  9. RBC normal range
    4.6-6.2 x 10^6
  10. erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) range
    • M 0-17
    • W 1-25
  11. erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) what is it
    • rate RBCs settle out of unclotted blood plasma in 1hr
    • increases: w infection or inflammation
  12. INR - stands for what? #s if w/wo coagulants
    • international normalized ratio
    • 0.9-1.1
    • 2-3 if on anticoagulants
  13. if INR is >3...?
    • no amb
    • clinical judgement for EOB activity, PROM, AROM
  14. prothrombin time (PT)
    11-12.5 sec
  15. PTT (partial tromboplastin time)
    30-40 sec
  16. pH normal range
    7.35-7.45
  17. PaCO2 normal range
    35-45 mmHg
  18. PaO2 normal range
    80-100 mmHg
  19. HCO3 normal range
    22-26 mEq/L -- amount of bicarbonate dissolved in blood
  20. base excess normal range
    • -3 to +3 mmol/L
    • inidicates if pt has metabolic acidosis or alkalosis (- indicates acidosis and + indicates alkalosis)
  21. Na normal range
    • 135-145
    • low¬†= hypotensive
    • high= hypertensive
    • abnormal values can lead to mental status changes
  22. K normal range
    3.5-5
  23. at what K ranges is a pt at riskfor dysrhythmia and tetan?
    <3.2 or >5.1
  24. Ca normal range
    8.5-11
  25. increased Ca values lead to ...?
    AMS or arrhythmia
  26. decreased Ca values can lead to...?
    AMS, tingling in extremities, or abnormal heart rhythms
  27. BUN normal range
    10-30
  28. what raises the BUN?
    CHF, renal failure, GIB, dehydration
  29. what decreases BUN
    liver disease, overhydration, malnutrition
  30. Cr normal range
    • M 0.6-1.6
    • W 0.6-1.4
  31. BUN/CR > ?? is abnormal?
    15.5
  32. glucose normal range
    60-120

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