Japanese Lesson 4

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Author:
tenorsextets
ID:
183088
Filename:
Japanese Lesson 4
Updated:
2012-11-11 23:07:33
Tags:
japanese
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  1. Useage of があります/ありません –
    • -say there is or isn't some IN-ANIMATE object
    • -you own something
    • -or an event will happen
  2. Useage of います/いません –
    say there is or isn't a person or other living object (plants are not included!)
  3. Syntax for in-animate objects:
    [Location] に [Thing] があります/ありまえん。
  4. Syntax for animate objects:
    [Location] に [Person/Animal] がいます/いません。
  5. Syntax for saying when an event will happen:
    [Time] に [Thing] があります/ありません。
  6. Syntax for saying you have something:
    [Thing] があります/ありません。
  7. How to ask what something is in Japanese:
    [word in English] はにほんごでなんといいますか。
  8. Syntax to describe location with more detail:
    • X は [Location word] [Place nearby] の [detail location] です。
    • Ex: McDonald's はあのデパートまえです。
    • McDonald's is over there in front of the department store.
  9. Syntax for location in relation to things:
    • X は Y の [description word] です。
    • Ex: わたしはあなたみぎです。
    • I'm on the right of you.
  10. Past tense with verbs:
    • Affirmative: verb stem ~ ました 
    • Negative: verb stem ~ ませんでした
  11. Past tense with nouns:
    • Affirmative: noun ~ でした
    • Negative: noun ~ じゃありませんでした
  12. 2 ways to use と:
    • -A と B : A and B
    • -A といっしょに: together with A
  13. Useage of ましょう/ましょうか:
    "Let's...." or "Shall we.....", respectively

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