med chem test 3

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Author:
tab
ID:
183141
Filename:
med chem test 3
Updated:
2012-11-12 19:51:28
Tags:
vasopressors
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Description:
vassopressors
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  1. a state of inadequate tissue perfusion
    shock
  2. shock involving hemmorrhage, diarrhea
    hypovolemic
  3. shock involving acute MI, arrhythmias, CHF
    cardiogenic
  4. shock involving septicemia
    septic
  5. shock involving pulmonary embolis, severe cardiac valve dysfunction
    obstructive
  6. shock involving spinal cord injury, anesthesia
    neurogenic
  7. Tx of shock
    • ABC
    • fluid replacement
    • vasopressors - sympathomimetic agents
  8. a critical component for vasopressors to work
    adequate blood volume
  9. administration of vasopressor agents in shock setting
    IV wide bore free flowing IV into a central vein
  10. what needs to be corrected in the body that will affect vasopressors
    acidosis
  11. rare tumor of the adrenal medulla primarily manifested as severe hypertension
    pheochromocytom
  12. in what cells is the tumor of pheochromocytoma
    chromaffin
  13. what gene has shown some evidence in pheochromocytoma
    MEN-2
  14. clonidine test
    administration of clonidine suppresses plasma catecholamin levels, except in pheocytocroma
  15. glucagon test
    glucagon causes release of catecholamines from the tumor leading to increased plasma levels
  16. in pheochromocytoma what should be started before a beta blocker and why
    alpha blocker to avoid loss of beta2 mediated vasodilation
  17. a vessel that joins the main pulonary artery and the distal aortic arch
    ductus arteriosus
  18. who is patent ductus more prominent in
    female children
  19. what prevents closure of patent ductus
    endogenous prostaglandins
  20. can be present in adults and present as CHF
    patent ductus arteriosus

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