psy 1010 chapter 7

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psy 1010 chapter 7
2012-11-12 11:15:04
psy 1010 chapter

psy 1010 chapter 7
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  1. what are the 3 types of learning
    • Observational learning
    • Classical conditioning
    • operant conditioning
  2. def observational learning
    learning by example or observing others called models. EX parents ant peers
  3. what factors influence effectiveness of observational learning
    • age
    • relationship
    • location
    • mental wellness
  4. def classical conditioning
    pavlov dogs. a stimulus regulates involuntary reflexive responses
  5. def ucs and ucr and cs and cr
    • unconditioned stimulus 
    • elicits
    • unconditioned response
    • conditioned stimulus
    • results in 
    • conditioned response
  6. what is acquisition
    the initial stage of learning something
  7. what is extinction
    gradual weakening and disappearance of a conditioned response
  8. def spontaneous recovery
    the reappearance of an extinguished response after a period of no exposure to the conditioning
  9. def stimulus generalization
    • the same response to a "similar" stimulus
    • EX little albert
  10. def stiimulus discrimination
    • being able to distinguish between two similar stimuli
    • EX mayo and mir whip
  11. def Operant Conditioning
    • type of learning where responses come to be controlled by there consequences
    • EX teaching dog tricks
  12. what does positive reinforcement cause
    an increase in the behaviour from rewards or encouragement
  13. what does negative reinforcement cause
    • an increase in the behavior 
    • EX go inside to get out of cold
  14. def Punishment
    • adding or presenting an aversive stimuls, thereby weakening a response
    • EX never go back to a restaurant that had bad service