Path Hormones

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Author:
ljhibma
ID:
183159
Filename:
Path Hormones
Updated:
2012-11-12 11:15:06
Tags:
Hormones
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Description:
Path Exam 3 Hormones
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  1. Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) & Oxytocin (OT)
    • Secreted by: Hypothalamus
    • Target: Post Pituitary
    • Function: Stimulate release of hormones by post pituitary
  2. Growth Hormone (GH)
    • Secreted by: Ant. Pituitary
    • Target: All Cells
    • Function: Growth & development; protein synthesis, breakdown of fats for energy
  3. Adrenocorocotropic Hormone (ACTH)
    • Secreted by: Ant. Pituitary
    • Target: Adrenal Cortex
    • Function: Cause adrenals to release cortisol
  4. Thyroid-stimulating Hormone (TSH)
    • Secreted by: Ant. Pituitary
    • Target: Thyroid Gland
    • Function: Increase thyroid function; stimulate release of thyroid hormones (T3 & T4)
  5. Follicle-stimulating Hormone (FSH)
    • Secreted by: Ant. Pituitary
    • Target: Ovaries/Testes
    • Function: (O)- Increase estrogen production; (T) Increase sperm production
  6. Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
    • Secreted by: Ant. Pituitary
    • Target: Ovaries/Testes
    • Function: (O)- Stimulate ovulation; (T)- Increase testosterone release
  7. Prolactin (PRL)
    • Secreted by: Ant. Pituitary
    • Target: Mamary glands in Females
    • Function: Production of milk
  8. Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
    • Secreted by: Post. Pituitary
    • Target: Kidneys
    • Function: Reabsorption of water; increased blood volume; increased BP
  9. Oxytocin (OT)
    • Secreted by: Post. Pituitary
    • Target: Uterus, mammary glands, ducctus deferens, prostate glands
    • Function: (Female)- labor contractions, milk secretion; (Male)- contractions of ductus deferens & prostate; ejection of secretions
  10. Thyroxine (T4)
    • Secreted by: Thyroid
    • Target: Most cells
    • Function: Increase metabolism, protein synthesis, growth & development
  11. Triiodothyronine (T3)
    • Secreted by: Thyroid
    • Target: Most Cells
    • Function: Increase metabolism, protein synthesis, growth & development
  12. Calcitonin (CT)
    • Secreted by: Thyroid
    • Target: Bones, Kidneys
    • Function: Decrease demineralization of bone
  13. Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)
    • Secreted by: Parathyroid
    • Target: Bones, Kidneys
    • Function: Increase calcium in blood by demineralizing bone
  14. Thymosins
    • Secreted by: Thymus
    • Target: Lymphocytes
    • Function: Increase effectiveness of immune system
  15. Aldosterone
    • Secreted by: Adreal
    • Target: Kidneys
    • Function: Increase reabsorption of water & sodium ions in kidneys
  16. Cortisol
    • Secreted by: Adrenal
    • Target: Most Cells
    • Function: Anti-inflammatory effects, tissue cataolism, respond to stress; increases synthesis of glucose & glycogen formation
  17. Epinephrine
    • Secreted by: Adrenal
    • Target: Most Cells
    • Function:Respond to stress (increase heart rate, increase blood flow to muscle, decrase blood flow to internal organs), increases glycogen breakdown & release of lipids from adipose tissue
  18. Norepinephrine
    • Secreted by: Adrenal
    • Target: Most Cells
    • Function: Vasoconstriction
  19. Insulin
    • Secreted by: Pancreas
    • Target: All cells
    • Function: Increase glucose transport out of blood & into cells
  20. Glucagon
    • Secreted by: Pancreas
    • Target: Liver, adipose tissues
    • Function: Breakdown of glycogen in liver, rlease glucoes from liver into blood, release of fat stores
  21. Testosterone
    • Secreted by: Testes
    • Target: Most Cells
    • Function: Produce secondary male sex characteristics, increase protein synthesis, increase sperm production, inhibit luteinizing hormone release
  22. Estrogen
    • Secreted by: Ovaries
    • Target: Most Cells
    • Function: Produce secondary female sex characteristics, regulete menstrual cycle, inhibit luteinizing hromone release
  23. Progesterone
    • Secreted by: Ovaries
    • Target: Uterus, mammary glands
    • Function: Prpares uterus for egg implantation; secretory function of mammary glands
  24. Relaxin
    • Secreted by: Ovaries
    • Target: Pubic symphysis, uterus, mammary glands
    • Function: Relax uterine muscles & pubic symphysis
  25. Melatonin
    • Secreted by: Pineal
    • Target: All Cells
    • Function: Inhibits release of FSH & LH, slows maturation of reproductive organs, assists in regulation of circadian rhythms, works as antioxidant to protect CNS & boost immune system

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