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When Peter I died, his grandson Peter, son of Alexis, failed to find sufficient support because
b. he was the candidate of the old nobility, other reactionary elements, and the masses.
The Supreme Secret Council [Verkhovnyi Tainyi Sovet] was created in order to
a. make the real policy decisions for Empress Catherine.
To control Catherine's picked successor, 11-year-old Petr Alekseevich, Menshikov
b. took the young tsar home and engaged him to his daughter.
Peter II is not buried in the Peter and Paul church in St. Petersburg, because
a. he died of smallpox in Moscow, which was once again the national capital.
Empress Anne agreed to enjoy the honor of being Russia's first constitutional monarch, because she
c. had nothing to lose by honoring the Supreme Secret Council's conditions.
Empress Anne owed her throne to the
b. Supreme Secret Council.
Anne's reign was remembered as the Birenovshchina, because Biren, her chief advisor
a. was also her lover.
Empress Anne's picked successor, two-month-old Ivan VI,
a. reigned for less than a year and spent the rest of his short life in prison.
The Empress Elizabeth owed her throne to the
c. Guards Regiments.
Elizabeth was related to Peter the Great in this way:
a. his daughter by Catherine I.
The reign of Empress Elizabeth could be described as
a. a sincere attempt to revive the spirit and vigor of her father's reign.
The coup that put Elizabeth on the throne
- a. was funded in part by the French Embassy.
- b. represented the culmination of her ambition and power-lust.
- c. succeeded because the Senate backed it.
Ambassadors desirous of an audience with Elizabeth were advised to
- a. first meet with her morganatic husband, Alexis Razumovsky.
- b. sign her dance card.
- c. refrain from interrupting her heavy work schedule.
The first Russian ruler seriously to consider establishing a university in Russia was
14-year-old Peter of Holstein-Gottorp was related to Peter I in the following way:
b. grandson by way of Elizabeth's sister, Anne
In the period from 1725 to 1762, Russia's most reliable ally proved to be
Visitors to Peter III's home observed a bust of _____ in the entryway:
- a. Maria Theresa of Austria
- b. Peter the Great
- c. Frederick II of Prussia
During his brief (6-month) reign, this reform was perhaps Peter III' looniest:
a. release of the gentry from obligatory state service [Decree of 18 February 1762].
Peter III's most outlandish foreign policy initiative:
a. switching sides in a war Russia was winning.
The pattern of social development from Peter I to Catherine II:
b. as the gentry rose, the serfs fell into greater misery.
Old Muscovy concluded its first commercial treaty with England, and Imperial Russia, its, with
c. Great Britain.
In 1732, Russian explorers discovered
In 1755, The University of Moscow (the first in Russia) was founded by
c. Ivan Shuvalov and Michael Lomonosov.
The architect of the Winter Palace, the great palace at Tsarskoe Selo, and the Smolny Institute:
a. Bartolomeo Rastrelli.
Russian literary culture, prior to the reign of Catherine II, might be likened to
- a. a great birch tree, standing on its own.
- b. a potted plant in a government greenhouse.
- c. a fungus eating away at the palace carpet.
Peter the Great liked the persona of the god Mars, but Catherine II chose to be seen as
b. the wise goddess Minerva.
Upper-class Russian culture of 1800
- a. bore little resemblance to that of 1700.
- b. bore little resemblance to that of Europe.
- c. remained distinctly "russkii," despite the efforts of the monarchs.