Med term lessons 10-12 Nonword parts

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WindWell2794
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183254
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Med term lessons 10-12 Nonword parts
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2012-11-12 17:11:46
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Med Term Quiz
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Med Term Quiz 4
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  1. Addison disease
    chronic syndrome resulting from a deficiency in the hormonal secretion of the adrenal cortex
  2. Diabetes mellitus
    chronic disease involving a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism caused by underactivity of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas and resulting in insufficient production of insulin
  3. fasting blood sugar
    a blood test determine the amount of glucose in the blood after fasting for 8 to 10 hours
  4. goiter
    enlargement of the thyroid gland
  5. Graves disease
    a disorder of the thyroid gland characterized by the presence of hyperthyroidism, goiter, and exophthalmos (protrusion of the eyes)
  6. Alzheimer disease
    disease characterized by early dementia, confusion, loss of recognition of persons or familiar surroundings, restlessness, and impaired memory
  7. concussion
    • jarring or shaking that results in injury
    • brain concussions may be caused by slight or severe head injury
    • symptoms include vertigo, headache, and loss of consciousness
  8. hydrocephalus
    disorder caused by increased amount of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain, which can cause enlargement of the craneium in infants
  9. lumbar puncture
    • diagnostic procedure performed by insertion of a needle into the subarachnoid space between the third and fourth lumbar vertebrae
    • performed for many reasons including the removal of cerebrospinal fluid
  10. multiple sclerosis 
    degenerative disease characterized by sclerotic patches along the brain and spinal cord
  11. paraplegia
    paralysis from the waist down caused by damage to the lower level of the spinal cord
  12. Parkinson disease
    • chronic degenerative disease of the central nervous system 
    • symptoms include resting tremors of hands and feet, regidity, expressionless of face, and shuffling gait
  13. seizure (convulsion)
    suden attack of an involuntary series of contractions
  14. stroke (cerebrovascular accident)
    • disorder caused by interruption of blood supply to a region of the brain, depriving nerve cellls in the affected area of oxygen and nutrients
    • cells may be damaged or die within minutes
    • speech, movement, memory, and other CNS functions may be affected in varying degrees
  15. subarachnoid hemorrhage
    bleeding caused by a ruptured blood vessel just outside the brain (usually a ruptured cerebral aneurysm) that rapidly fills the space between the brain and the skill (subarachnoid space) with blood
  16. transient ischemic attack
    • sudden deficient supply of blood to the brain lasting a short time
    • symptoms may appear similar to stroke, but are temporary and usual outcome is complete recovery
    • TIAs are often warning signs for eventual occurrence of stroke
  17. carpal tunnel syndrome
    • common nerve entrapment disorder of the wrist caused by compression of the median nerve
    • symptoms include pain, tingling, and numbness in portions of the hand and fingers
  18. fracture
    broken bone
  19. gout
    disease in which an excessive amount of uric acid in the blood causes sodium urate crystals to be deposited in the joints, especially that of the great toe, producing arthritis
  20. herniated disk
    rupture of the intervertebral disk cartilage allowing the contents to protrud and put pressure on the spinal nerve roots
  21. magnetic resonance imaging
    diagnostic imaging test producing scans that give information about the body's anatomy by placing the patient in a strong magnetic field
  22. muscular dystrophy
    group of hereditary disease characterized by degeneration of muscle and weakness
  23. nuclear medicine
    • diagnostic imagining test producing scans that give info about the body's anatomy by using radioactive material
    • also ussed to treat various medical conditions
  24. orthopedics
    the study and treatment of diseases of musculoskeletal system
  25. orthopedist
    physician who specializes in the study and treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system
  26. osteoporosis
    disease caused by abnormal loss of bone density occuring predominantly in postmenopausal women, which can lead to an increase in fractures of the ribs, throracic and lumbar vertebrae, hips, and wrists
  27. rheumatoid arthritis
    a chronic systemic disease characterized by inflammatory changes in the connective tissue throughout the body

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