principle of diseases and epidemiology

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lngray82
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183272
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principle of diseases and epidemiology
Updated:
2012-11-12 18:11:32
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exam 3
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  1. the study and cause of a disease
    etiology
  2. The development of disease is called
    pathogenesis
  3. colonization of the body by pathogens is called?
    infection
  4. An abnormal state in which the body is not functioning normally
    disease
  5. The study of disease is called
    pathology
  6. This may be present for days, weeks, or months
    transient microbiota
  7. Thiese permanetly colonize the host
    normal microbiota
  8. Is the relationship between normal microbiota and the host
    symbiosis
  9. In symbiosis this relationship is descibed as one organism is benefited and the other one is unaffected
    commonsalism
  10. In symbiosis this relationship is descibed as both organisms benefit.
    mutralism
  11. In symbiosis this relationship is descibed as one organism benefits at the expenese of the other
    parasitism
  12. Some normal microbiota can get into a sterile environment and could cause infection and are known as?
    oppurtunistic pathogens
  13. The nose,throat,skin, eyes, mouth, large intestine, urinary and reproductive systems all have what?
    normal microbiota, or normal flora
  14. This lives on and breeds on eyelashes, hiar follicles around the nose and chin
    demodex folliculorum (follicle mite)
  15. This is a competition between microbes
    microbial antigonism
  16. This inhibit colonization by pathogens, some GI bacteria synthesize vitamins, and some stimulate the immune system
    normal flora and their benefits to the host
  17. These are live microbes applied to or ingested into the body, intented to exert a beneficial effect
    probiotics
  18. A change is the body function that is felt by the patient as a result of a disease
    symptom
  19. A change in the body that can be measured or observed as a result of disease
    sign
  20. A specific group of signs or symptoms hat accompany a disease
    syndrome
  21. A disease that can be spread from one host to another
    communicable disease
  22. A disease that is easily spread from one host to another is called?
    contagious disease
  23. A disease that is not transmitted from one host to Another
    non communicable disease
  24. Fraction of the population that contracts a disease during a specific time is called?
    incidence
  25. fraction of the population having a specificĀ disease at a given time is called
    prevalence
  26. A disease that occurs occationally in a population is called?
    sporatic disease
  27. A disease that constantly present in a population is called?
    endemic disease
  28. A disease acquired by many hostsĀ in a given area in a short time is called?
    epidemic disease
  29. A worldwide epidemic is called?
    pandemic disease
  30. immunity in most of a population is known as
    herd immunity
  31. Where symptoms develope rapidly is known as?
    acute disease
  32. A disease that developes slowly is known as?
    chronic disease
  33. symptoms between acute and chronic are known as
    subacute disease
  34. Disease of a period of no symptoms when the causative agent is inactive is known as
    latent disease
  35. Where the pathogens are limited to a small area of the body is called?
    local infection
  36. An infection throughout the body is called?
    systemic infection
  37. Systemic infection that began as a local infection is called?
    Focal infection
  38. Toxic inflammatory condition arising from the spread of microbes, especially bacteria on their toxins, from a focus of infection is called
    sepsis
  39. bacteria in the blood is called?
    bacteremia
  40. growth of bacteria in the blood is called?
    septicemia
  41. toxina in teh blood in called?
    toxemia
  42. viruses in the blood is called?
    viremia
  43. acute infection that causes the initial illness is called?
    primary infection
  44. oppurtunistic infection after a primary (predisposing) infecetion is called?
    secondary infection
  45. no noticeable signs or symptoms (inapparent infection) is called?
    subclinical disease
  46. This makes the body more susceptible to a disease is called?
    predisposing factors
  47. This period shows no sign or symptoms of disease?
    incubation period
  48. this period shows mild symptoms and signs of a disease is called?
    prodromal period
  49. This period is where you are recovering from a disease?
    period of convalescence
  50. This transmission requires close asssociation between infected and susceptible host
    direct
  51. This is spread by formites
    indirect
  52. this transmission is spread by airborne droplets
    droplet
  53. This is a transmission that is by an inanimate reservoir (food, water, air)
    vehical transmission
  54. What is a nosocomial infection?
    A hospital acquired infection
  55. incidence of a specific notifiable disease is called?
    morbidity
  56. deaths from notifiable diseases are called?
    mortality

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