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Meant to connect the Easter Us to the West
Former slaves who migrated in large numbers to Kansas
What are some hardships on the plains?
- Severe winters
- Dry climate
- swarming grasshoppers
The government encouraged settlers to move onto the Plains by passing this act
What did leaders like Cheif Jospeh and Geronimo do?
They resisted governments attempts to force them onto reservations
What happened on cattle drives?
Cowhands might have to load cattle onto railroad cars, to be shipped east.
What was a benefit of the transcontinental railroad?
Supplies and mail moved more quickly and cheaply.
Why was the National Grange set up?
To boost farm profit and lower shipping charges for grain
The Dawes Act
The Indians believed the land should be shared, not divided into parcels
Why did settlers and Plains Indians come into conflict?
Settlers ignored treaties protecting Indian lands
What happened at the Battle of Little Bighorn?
Colonel George A. Custer was defeated by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse
Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851
Asked Native American nations to keep to limited areas that would be theirs forever.
Information about the American Cowboy
- Also known as cowhands
- Adopted their clothing from vaqueros
Why did Railroad Companies hire immigrants to build the railroad?
The labor was scarce and the pay was low
What happened once the Plains Indians tamed Wild Horses?
They came to depend on the buffalo for their way of life
Plessy v. Ferguson
The Supreme Court ruled that segregation was legal where there are seperate but equal facilities
What was the goal of the Ku Klux Klan?
They wanted to keep blacks out of office
What did the Reconstruction Act of 1867 state?
All Southern states had to ratify the 14th amendment in order to join the Union
What did the 14th Amendment state?
All persons born in the United States were citizens
What did the Freedmans Bureau do for newly freed slaves?
- Provided Food
- Medical Care
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