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What are the three components of Evidence-Based Chiropractic?
- Best research evidence
- Patient preferences
- Clinical expertise
What are the five A's of EBP?
- Ask a question / formulate hypothesis
- Access the literature
- Appraise the evidence
- Apply the results
- Assess the outcome
What is the acronim for Ask a question?
- P-patient problem
- I-Intervention you are interested in
- C- Comparisons you are making
- O-Outcomes you are looking for
What are the three ways of knowing stuff?
- Intuition -sudden insight
- Tradition - learned from past
- Authority - reliability of the source
What is a null hypothesis?
no relationship between or among variables
What is an alternate hypothesis?
There is a relationship among variables
What is validity?
Degree to which a test actually measures what it was intended to measure
What is reliability?
Ability for experiment and results to be replicated
What is the order of evidence from top to bottom?
- Systematic reviews
- Cohort studies
- Case-control studies
- Case series
- Case reports
- Editorials and opinions
- Animal research and laboratory studies
What does RCT stand for?
Randomized controlled trial
What are the two main components of RCT's?
- A treatment and control group
- Random assignment of patients to groups
Any emperical (gained through the senses) observation used to demonstrate truth of an assertion or support a hypothesis
What do stats test?
- Role of chance as explanation
- infer truth
What letter is sample sixe assigned?
sample size = n
what P-value indicates significant results?
p<(or equal to) 0.05
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