Descriptive - Socioecomic Status - higher ecomic safety
SES - More education, wealth, income, occupation, age-older, experince, married status (more money more likely to vote)
Characteristic - race, gender, mobility
Attitudinal - Internal political effiancy (how effect)
External political effiancy - they do something
Information partisanship & Ideiology
Difficult registration, Absentee Voting, number of elections, poor attitude voting, weak political values
An organizations group that seek to achieve some of their
goals by influencing government decision making on public policy.
Strength in numbers
Typology: members organization - martial arts, institutional - Schools like community colleges, issue/policy - MADD or NRA, industry - hotels such Hilton Hotels
Attempting to influence policy and/or legislative process.
Who are the lobbist? Post - congress career
#1 job is consulant/Expert in issue or area
What makes interest Groups successful?
Leadership, organization, deidicated members
notion of collective goods
Door to door information drives
Citizen Acitity - use of the FOIA - Freedom of Information Act
Party Identification -
A citizen's personal affinity for a politcal party
#1 role is to get people elected.
Facilitate voting make easier
Organize the planks of platform
Polling- get out the vote, funding & additional campaign activities
1828 Jacksons -Democrats formed - small gov't, states
1860 Lincoln - Republican formed - Strong national gov't
1932 Turned over Realignment flipped pary line
1932 - New Deal
1964 Civil Rights
1980 Regan Revolution
Today -Healthcare, gay marriage, abortion
Republican: Loyalty Trends
Chambers of Commerce, Non-college white men, southwest of country, cuban americans, professional, executes, white collar workers, protestants & evangelicals, married couples
Democratic: Loyalty Trends
Labor union members, women and college educated men (only 20%) of country, over 80% of african americans and hispanics, young people, catholics ( until Bush) and Jews, neo-liberal who belive in free trade, and lastly widows
The Party's over?
Independants - rose form 19% to 40% today.
The Party's Over?
-Causes of decline
-Ticket Splitting -the situation in which voters vote for
candidates from more than one party
Special Interest Groups - influence
Coalitions compromise v. sovle
Avoid cross-cutting issues -abortion
Party decline remedies:
Less Media candidates, more conviction
More candidate support of platform
Fund the Party (the ideas)over the person
Only 8 third parties have won any electoral votes, 2 of them 1968 George Wallace - American Independant, and 1912 Teddy Roosevelt - Bull Moose Party
A party organized as opposition or an
alternative to the existing parties in a two-party system, but make progress when major parties fail to incorporate new ideas
Why Third Parties Tend to be minor
Winner take all elections, hard to get on ballot, Catch-22, campaign funding, media attention
Media Surveillance and report - Muckraking
criticism and exposés of corruption in
government and industry by journalists at the turn of the twentieth century (Freedom Information Act)
Media tells us what it means , how important it is.
2. Skilled people construct news
3. Product of inherant pressure of organization process(s)
4. Specific idiosyncratic & ideological bent - Clinton and monica lewlensky speech- same camera shot - some networks mute, others 3 second delay, and 1st one did was left it live, CNN did put up old transcript about him what he siad before on bottom of screen while he was speaking live.